Please help me understand which rule of commas applies in these examples:
1. I frowned, but William just turned his head, trying to lead my attention to the lady with the question.
2. She was still leaning forward, tapping her fingers on the table, and waiting for my reply.
In sentence 1, do I have an indroductory element, plus a ?? -- don't know what the second one is.
In sentence 2 are my commas correct, and what do you call them?
a. Bracketing comma (parathentical element, or appositive)
b. Listing Comma
c. Joing comma (between a conjunction)
d. Gapping Comma (when you leave words out)
e. Comma to set off an introductory element
While I think you have done a good job answering the question, your link suggests that the commas in sentence 1 can’t be bracketing commas because “but William just turned his head” can’t be removed from the sentence. Well it could, but the meaning would be drastically changed.
Perhaps I have misunderstood, though. What do you think?Bracketing commas always come in pairs, unless one of them would come at the beginning or the end of the sentence, and they always set off a weak interruption which could in principle be removed from the sentence:
Last edited by Munch; 28-Oct-2010 at 07:19. Reason: I always mess up my formatting.
Last edited by 2006; 28-Oct-2010 at 16:14.
I see now that the parenthetical statement is “trying to lead my attention to the lady with the question”. When bracketing commas appear alone, the start or end of the sentence serves to “open” or “close” the bracket as appropriate.