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  1. #1
    sultanee is offline Newbie
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    Default teaching -ing spelling

    hi everybody
    I'm going to teach my first lesson next week
    I just have a question
    In the book, it is mentioned that with verbs that end with one vowel and one consonant, we double the last letter and add -ing
    but there are words that end with one vowel and one consonant but we don't double the last letter like open, listen and so on
    so, what is the rule here?
    many thanks in advance

  2. #2
    Raymott's Avatar
    Raymott is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: teaching -ing spelling

    Quote Originally Posted by sultanee View Post
    hi everybody
    I'm going to teach my first lesson next week
    I just have a question
    In the book, it is mentioned that with verbs that end with one vowel and one consonant, we double the last letter and add -ing
    but there are words that end with one vowel and one consonant but we don't double the last letter like open, listen and so on
    so, what is the rule here?
    many thanks in advance
    Many (most?) monosyllabic words double the consonant in all dialects - "run/running; jam/jamming; sit/sitting; bet/betting ... " Also, they double the letter when the past tense or past participle are formed from them - "
    pat/patted, ram/rammed, bit/bitten ..."
    The reason for this is to prevent a change of sound which would otherwise occur when you place and /i/ or /e/ after a monsyllabic word ending in a vowel and consonant - " bit/bite, pat/pate, run/rune" etc.

    It's rare to double the syllable in a multisyllabic word when the stress is not on the last syllable (as in your examples, open and listen).
    However in BrE, words ending in /l/ like "travel, unravel, channel" change to "travelled/travelling/channelled, unravelled/unravelling/channelling", while in AmE, they don't double the letter.

    That's a few hints that I can think of at the moment.

    PS: Have you tried here:
    http://www.google.com.au/#hl=en&sour...e33c5331d7cfef

  3. #3
    5jj's Avatar
    5jj is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: teaching -ing spelling

    There are also a few points on page 11 of this: www.gramorak.com/Articles/VerbForms.pdf

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