Results 1 to 4 of 4
  1. #1
    duiter is offline Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Indonesian
      • Home Country:
      • Malaysia
      • Current Location:
      • Indonesia
    Join Date
    May 2010
    Posts
    309
    Post Thanks / Like

    simple sentence + absolute participle construction, which.....

    Dear all,


    Is this complex sentence pattern ''simple sentence + absolute participle construction, which......'' correct in formal writing ?


    I use usingenglish.com , with English teachers being ready to answer, which makes learning English easy


    Does '' which'' in this sentence modify '' I use usingenglish.com , with a lot of English teacher being ready to answer '' or '' I use usingenglish.com '' or '' with a lot of English teacher being ready to answer ''

    Many thanks

  2. #2
    MrPedantic is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Posts
    2,585
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: simple sentence + absolute participle construction, which.....

    The structure could occur in formal writing:

    1. The camp was heavily guarded by machine-gun towers, with sentries patrolling the barbed wire at regular intervals, which made escape almost impossible.

    but maybe it sounds a little clumsy.

    In your example, I would say that the "which" clause qualifies all that precedes it, i.e. the bundled concept of "using UE" + "eager teachers". In other contexts, this might not be the case, however.

    (Is the construction genuinely "complex", or simply "compound", I wonder?)

    Not a professional ESL teacher.

  3. #3
    lauralie2 is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Retired English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Canada
      • Current Location:
      • China
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Posts
    774
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: simple sentence + absolute participle construction, which.....

    Quote Originally Posted by duiter View Post
    Dear all,


    Is this complex sentence pattern ''simple sentence + absolute participle construction, which......'' correct in formal writing ?
    Yes, the pattern is used in formal writing as MrP has shown. Another example, my own: I waited, with my eyes closed tightly. The underlined portion is called a prepositional absolute (past) participle construction; it modifies the predicate in the main clause as an adverbial modifier, and as such is set-off by commas. Note that, the preposition 'with' is often omitted; e.g., I waited, my eyes closed tightly / My eyes closed tightly, I waited.


    Quote Originally Posted by duiter View Post
    I use usingenglish.com , with English teachers being ready to answer, which makes learning English easy

    Does '' which'' in this sentence modify '' I use usingenglish.com , with a lot of English teacher being ready to answer '' or '' I use usingenglish.com '' or '' with a lot of English teacher being ready to answer''
    Well, let's test it. Which nominal does 'which' stands for?

    ...which makes learning easy

    • usingenglish.com makes learning easy

    • teachers [at usuingenglishcom] being ready to answer makes learning easy

    In short, it appears as if 'which' stands for the noun 'usingenglishcom' which in turn is modified by the absolute participle phrase 'with English teachers...'. In other words, relative which indirectly modifies the absolute participle construct. The same pattern holds true here:

    The camp was heavily guarded by machine-gun towers, with sentries patrolling the barbed wire at regular intervals, which made escape almost impossible.

    Quote Originally Posted by MrPedantic
    (Is the construction genuinely "complex", or simply "compound", I wonder?)
    Compound, non?


    • I use usingenglishcom
    • English teachers being ready to answer

  4. #4
    MrPedantic is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Posts
    2,585
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: simple sentence + absolute participle construction, which.....

    I would vote for "compound" too, L2.

    A very happy new year to you!

    MrP

    Not a professional ESL teacher.

Similar Threads

  1. Replies: 8
    Last Post: 30-Nov-2010, 18:36
  2. [General] Nominative Absolute Participle Construction
    By vil in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 03-May-2010, 14:30
  3. Replies: 1
    Last Post: 26-Mar-2009, 22:29

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •