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  1. #1
    wobblies is offline Newbie
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    Default Question

    I was recently asked to comment on this sentence by a student: I was elected by the class. What part of speech is 'by the class'?

  2. #2
    freezeframe is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Question

    Quote Originally Posted by wobblies View Post
    I was recently asked to comment on this sentence by a student: I was elected by the class. What part of speech is 'by the class'?
    It's an adverb phrase.

  3. #3
    TheParser is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Question

    Quote Originally Posted by wobblies View Post
    I was recently asked to comment on this sentence by a student: I was elected by the class. What part of speech is 'by the class'?

    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    (1) I think that many teachers would like you to identify "by the

    class" as a prepositional phrase ( a preposition + a noun).

    (2) As Senior Member Freezeframe told you, it is being used as

    an adverbial. That is, it modifies (belongs to) the verb "was

    elected."

    (3) As you know, that is a passive sentence. It probably comes

    from the active sentence: The class elected me.

    (4) The people elected her president. She was elected president

    by the people.

  4. #4
    wobblies is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Question

    Again, thank you.

  5. #5
    BookAddict is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Question

    We use parts of speech in morphology (nouns, adjectives, adverbs, etc), in syntax, we use sentence elements (subject, object, complements, etc.).
    "by the class" is a noun phrase and it is also an agent

  6. #6
    freezeframe is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Question

    Quote Originally Posted by BookAddict View Post
    We use parts of speech in morphology (nouns, adjectives, adverbs, etc), in syntax, we use sentence elements (subject, object, complements, etc.).
    "by the class" is a noun phrase and it is also an agent
    Noun phrases act as nouns -- they act as a subject or as an object. How would this work here?

    And it's not the agent of the action, the subject is.

  7. #7
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    SanMar is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: Question

    Quote Originally Posted by freezeframe View Post
    Noun phrases act as nouns -- they act as a subject or as an object. How would this work here?

    And it's not the agent of the action, the subject is.




    Do you mind explaining this? I am not sure why is it because of the verb elected..

    I was voted most popular by my class. -- ? in this case by my class is the agent of the action? If need be I can put this up in a new thread.

    thanks

  8. #8
    freezeframe is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Question

    Quote Originally Posted by SanMar View Post
    [/B]


    Do you mind explaining this? I am not sure why is it because of the verb elected..

    I was voted most popular by my class. -- ? in this case by my class is the agent of the action? If need be I can put this up in a new thread.

    thanks
    You are right. It's passive voice, the subject is not "agent".

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