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Thread: Phonology

  1. ucef's Avatar
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    #1

    Post Phonology

    Hi,
    How to know that the vowel in a given word is stressed or not?
    Is there any online dictionary of the phonetic trnascription?
    thank you in advance

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    #2

    Re: Phonology

    Most online dictionaries have phonetic transcriptions. Try http://www.freedictionary.com for example.

  2. BobK's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: Phonology

    Most dictionaries mark stress in some way; confusingly some follow the IPA in putting ' before the stressed syllable, and some put the ' after it. Others use various sorts of text enhancement (bold, italic, small caps...). Find one that uses the IPA, and stick to it.


    b

  3. ucef's Avatar
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    #4

    Post Re: Phonology

    I am talking about "phonetic" not "phonemic" transcription.

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    #5

    Re: Phonology

    I do not know what exactly you are speaking about, but in the following dicitonary:

    Computer - Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary

    transcription is presented like this:



    com∑put∑er

    noun, often attributive \kəm-ˈpyŁ-tər\

    It is not IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) style, it's American way to transcribe words.
    Accordingly, pronunciation described is American.


    And this one uses IPA and the British pronunciation:
    http://oxforddictionaries.com/defini...m_en_gb0096870
    Last edited by Jack8rkin; 12-Apr-2011 at 13:10.

  4. BobK's Avatar
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    #6

    Re: Phonology

    Quote Originally Posted by ucef View Post
    I am talking about "phonetic" not "phonemic" transcription.
    I'm not convinced you know what you mean! Using the IPA you can do either. Other systems seem to me to be too unscientific to support such a distinction, but I believe they're largely phonemic.

    b

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    #7

    Re: Phonology

    Quote Originally Posted by ucef View Post
    Hi,
    How to know that the vowel in a given word is stressed or not?
    Is there any online dictionary of the phonetic trnascription?
    thank you in advance
    Note: The above is not a proper English sentence or question:
    "How to do X?" does not have a finite verb. It's a dependent clause without a main clause.

    (This is a semi-automated reply)

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    #8

    Re: Phonology

    The OP is not able to formulate a well-formulated question, well-formulated to the audience.

    Maybe, he is asking: (a) how to predict stress in a word; (b) what is the phonetic realization of underlying stressed vowels.

    The popular answer to (a): check a dictionary. How on earth can one remember stress for, say, 100,000 words? Here, English phonology provides a set of heuristics or thumb rules that are far less than 100,000.

    About (b): phonetic realization of graphemes. Yes, phonology helps here. For instance, the grapheme "a" can have MAY, CAT, etc vowel realizations when it is stressed.

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