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  1. #1
    thezelva is offline Newbie
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    two sentence analysis and tree structures

    ok so i have a sentence



    It was soon after leaving college that I finally bought an instrument of my own.
    it = Subject
    was = Predicator
    and what's left is Subject Complement. or is there anything else?

    the other sentence is

    The case, which opens in the High Court on Thursday, has led to the discovery of 300 boxes of documents filling 110ft of shelving.



    The case ... on Thursday = S

    has led = P
    to the discovery .... of shelving = Direct object


    i'd like to clear this out first and then continue ...

  2. #2
    5jj's Avatar
    5jj is offline VIP Member
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    Re: two sentence analysis and tree structures

    Quote Originally Posted by thezelva View Post
    The case, which opens in the High Court on Thursday, has led to the discovery of 300 boxes of documents filling 110ft of shelving.

    The case ... on Thursday = S
    has led = P
    to the discovery .... of shelving = Direct object


    iI'd like to clear this out up first and then continue ...
    I am not an analyser of sentences, but I can say that 'to the discovery .... of shelving' is not the direct object of anything. The only direct object in that sentence is '110 ft of shelving', the direct object of 'filling'

  3. #3
    thezelva is offline Newbie
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    Re: two sentence analysis and tree structures

    Oh no ... That's not good.

    Do you have any idea what that could be then? Adverbial of some kind?

  4. #4
    philo2009 is offline Key Member
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    Re: two sentence analysis and tree structures

    Quote Originally Posted by thezelva View Post
    ok so i have a sentence



    It was soon after leaving college that I finally bought an instrument of my own.
    it = Subject
    was = Predicator
    and what's left is Subject Complement. or is there anything else?
    The main clause predicate is 'was...college', in which 'soon...college' - structurally a prepositional phrase - serves as an adverbial complement to 'was'. There then follows a further complemental element in the form of the subordinate clause 'that...own'.

  5. #5
    TheParser is online now VIP Member
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    Re: two sentence analysis and tree structures

    Quote Originally Posted by thezelva View Post
    ok so i have a sentence



    It was soon after leaving college that I finally bought an instrument of my own.
    it = Subject
    was = Predicator
    and what's left is Subject Complement. or is there anything else?

    the other sentence is

    The case, which opens in the High Court on Thursday, has led to the discovery of 300 boxes of documents filling 110ft of shelving.






    The case ... on Thursday = S

    has led = P
    to the discovery .... of shelving = Direct object


    i'd like to clear this out first and then continue ...

    (1) This is great fun. May I try? (My attempt at analysis is based on

    our beloved Reed-Kellogg diagramming system.)

    *****

    (2) It = subject.

    That I finally bought an instrument of my own. = noun clause in apposition with "it." (explains what "it" is.)

    was = linking verb.

    after leaving college. = prepositional phrase that serves as a subjective complement (refers to "it").

    soon = prepositional phrase modifying the whole prepositional phrase.

    *****

    (3) The case = subject.

    which opens in the High Court on Thursday. = adjective clause modifying "the case."

    has led = verb.

    to the discovery = prepositional phrase modifying "has led."

    of 300 boxes = prepositional phrase modifying "discovery."

    of documents = prepositional phrase modifying "boxes."

    filling 110 feet = participial phrase modifying "documents."

    of shelving = prepositional phrase modifying "feet."

  6. #6
    philo2009 is offline Key Member
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    Re: two sentence analysis and tree structures

    A couple of minor quibbles:

    Quote Originally Posted by TheParser View Post
    soon = prepositional phrase modifying the whole prepositional phrase.
    ??
    'Soon' is an adverb, not a phrase of any kind... - a typo perhaps?
    *****

    (3) The case = subject.

    to the discovery = prepositional phrase modifying "has led."

    A complement rather than a modifier.

  7. #7
    TheParser is online now VIP Member
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    Re: two sentence analysis and tree structures

    Quote Originally Posted by philo2009 View Post
    A couple of minor quibbles:

    (1) Yes, the "soon" matter was a typo. My mind was racing ahead to

    "prepositional phrase" later on in the sentence. That's why proofreaders

    are so important. I hear some newspapers are laying off proofreaders,
    and this has led to more typos in some newspapers.



    (2) has led (to the discovery). What is the difference between

    "modifying" and "complementing"? I do not understand. Please

    explain to me. Does it mean that "to the discovery" is essential to

    the sentence? That it makes no sense to end a sentence with

    "has led"?

    Thank you for any guidance.

  8. #8
    philo2009 is offline Key Member
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    Re: two sentence analysis and tree structures

    Quote Originally Posted by TheParser View Post
    Does it mean that "to the discovery" is essential to

    the sentence? That it makes no sense to end a sentence with

    "has led"?

    Thank you for any guidance.
    Precisely!

  9. #9
    Haylee Schreiter is offline Newbie
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    Re: two sentence analysis and tree structures

    Quote Originally Posted by thezelva View Post
    ok so i have a sentence



    It was soon after leaving college that I finally bought an instrument of my own.
    it = Subject
    was = Predicator
    and what's left is Subject Complement. or is there anything else?
    Well, let's see... This is what I think... The subject is indeed "it" and it has an appositive/noun clause that is "that I finally bought an instrument of my own" but don't forget that "of my own" is a prepositional phrase. The verb is "was" and "soon" is a predicate adjective. The part of the sentence left,"after leaving college" is a prepositional phrase and within the prepositional phrase is a gerund phrase "leaving college".

  10. #10
    Haylee Schreiter is offline Newbie
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    Re: two sentence analysis and tree structures

    Here I have a sentence... Let's see how good you are

    The great idea which pleased the tourist was to give the llamas bad anime so they would lose their minds.

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