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Thread: past/present

  1. #1
    tipu s is offline Junior Member
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    Default past/present

    1- He has passed the examination this year.
    or
    He passed the examination this year.

    2- I have seen him today
    or
    I saw him today
    Which ones are correct??

  2. #2
    Barb_D's Avatar
    Barb_D is offline Moderator
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    Default Re: past/present

    Both forms of each can be correct.

    For example, if the day still has several hours to go, then "I have seen him" is okay. If the day is just about over, then "I saw" is correct.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

  3. #3
    tipu s is offline Junior Member
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    Default Re: past/present

    Quote Originally Posted by Barb_D View Post
    Both forms of each can be correct.

    For example, if the day still has several hours to go, then "I have seen him" is okay. If the day is just about over, then "I saw" is correct.
    And which one of the two is more formal?

  4. #4
    curates-egg is offline Junior Member
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    Default Re: past/present

    Quote Originally Posted by tipu s View Post
    And which one of the two is more formal?
    Neither. Barb-D has explained the difference; it is a matter of time-reference, not of formality.

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