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Thread: Question format

  1. #1
    edmondjanet is offline Member
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    Default Question format

    For whom do you work so hard?
    Whom do you work so hard for?

    In which class are you studying?
    Which class are you studying in?
    Which sentences are correct.
    Thank you.

  2. #2
    bwkcaj_ca is offline Member
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    Default Re: Question format

    1. For whom do you work so hard?
    This sentence is grammatically correct and might be used by a native speaker of English.

    2. Whom do you work so hard for?
    'Whom' cannot be used here since 'Who' is the subject of the sentence.

    Many teachers are of the opinion that ending a sentence with a preposition ('for' in this case) is ungrammatical. Others consider it acceptable in informal speech. No matter whose opinion you accept sentences ending with a preposition do sound clumsy and unpolished. I would suggest you avoid them whenever possible

    3. In which class are you studying?
    This is a grammatical sentence but it seems a bit unnatural to me.
    Should it be:
    'In whose class are you studying?' or
    'In which classroom are you studying??'

    4. Which class are you studying in?
    See my comments above with respect to sentences ending in a preposition. They apply here as well.

  3. #3
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    5jj is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Question format

    Quote Originally Posted by bwkcaj_ca View Post
    1. For whom do you work so hard?
    This sentence is grammatically correct and might be used by a native speaker of English.
    Very few native speakers would use this in speech. It sounds very formal. Some might write it, though it sounds strange with the 'so hard'.

    2. Whom do you work so hard for?
    'Whom' cannot be used here since 'Who' is the subject of the sentence.
    Whom can be used, though it is very uncommon. Most people would use 'who' here' The grammatical subject of this sentence is 'you'.

    Many teachers are of the opinion that ending a sentence with a preposition ('for' in this case) is ungrammatical. Not many teachers think that these days.

    Others consider it acceptable in informal speech. No matter whose opinion you accept sentences ending with a preposition do sound clumsy and unpolished' That is a matter of opinion ...
    I would suggest you avoid them whenever possible... as is this.

    3. In which class are you studying? Fine, so long as both speaker and listener know exactly what is meant by 'class'.

    'In whose class are you studying?' Fine
    'In which classroom are you studying?' Fine

    4. Which class are you studying in? Fine
    5

  4. #4
    emsr2d2's Avatar
    emsr2d2 is offline Moderator
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    Default Re: Question format

    Quote Originally Posted by edmondjanet View Post
    For whom do you work so hard?
    Whom do you work so hard for?

    In which class are you studying?
    Which class are you studying in?
    Which sentences are correct.
    Thank you.
    #With the word "whom" just remember it's used after a preposition, but not as the first word.

    With whom am I speaking?
    Who am I speaking with?
    To whom should I address the letter?
    Who should I address the letter to?

    I would use "To/for whom" only when writing a formal letter but orally, I would tend to use "Who ... to/for".

    For the "class" question, I would say:

    What subject are you studying?
    Whose class are you in? (The answer would be the name of the teacher.)
    What are you studying? (The answer would be the subject.)
    Where are you studying? (The answer would be the name of the educational establishment or possibly the city.)

    In BrE, if you said "What class are you in?", you may get the answer "I'm in 4G" or something similar. At my schools (a while ago!) children were broken up into classes of about 30. They didn't necessarily stay in those groups for each subject but they were the groups that you started in at the beginning of the day when the attendance register was taken. At my school, the name of the class was made up of the number of the year and the first initial of the form tutor's surname.

    Class 4G was a Year 4 class, led by Mr Green.

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