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  1. #1
    big_Lebowski is offline Newbie
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    Default Hello...active or passive

    Hello,

    i am new here and i'm looking for some help by english learning.
    My question:

    Is " I have been married " active or passive sentence ?

  2. #2
    TheParser is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Hello...active or passive

    Quote Originally Posted by big_Lebowski View Post
    Hello,

    i am new here and i'm looking for some help by english learning.
    My question:

    Is " I have been married " active or passive sentence ?

    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    Hello,


    (1) It might be easier to analyze if we add a few words:

    I have been married for ten years.

    (2) In my 1988 edition of Longman English Grammar, it says

    that "Some participles used as adjectives[my emphasis]

    combine with have/had been":

    My uncle has been retired for more than five years.
    She's been gone for half an hour.

    (3) I think, therefore, that we can conclude that your sentence is

    NOT a passive sentence. It describes a state, not an action.

    (4) That book also says that if a participle is used as an adjective,

    it cannot be used wth by + an agent. In other words, you cannot

    say "I have been married for ten years by the priest."


    James

  3. #3
    big_Lebowski is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Hello...active or passive

    hi,


    "I have been married for two years" say that i am still married ...

    and
    what does " I have been married " mean ??

  4. #4
    Barb_D's Avatar
    Barb_D is offline Moderator
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    Default Re: Hello...active or passive

    Quote Originally Posted by big_Lebowski View Post
    hi,


    "I have been married for two years" say that i am still married ...

    and
    what does " I have been married " mean ??
    As a full sentence, without any other words, I would assume you are no longer married.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

  5. #5
    SoothingDave is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Hello...active or passive

    I would assume he was still married. If he said "I had been married for two years" I would assume he no longer was.

  6. #6
    Dawood Usmani's Avatar
    Dawood Usmani is offline Senior Member
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    Thumbs up Re: Hello...active or passive

    Quote Originally Posted by big_Lebowski View Post
    Hello,

    i am new here and i'm looking for some help by english learning.
    My question:

    Is " I have been married " active or passive sentence ?
    I have been married + time makes sense but only I have been married makes no sense at all. I have never seen such a sentence used all alone.
    It would be helpful if you provide us with the original sentence with context.
    Hope this has helped.

  7. #7
    Barb_D's Avatar
    Barb_D is offline Moderator
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    Default Re: Hello...active or passive

    Quote Originally Posted by SoothingDave View Post
    I would assume he was still married. If he said "I had been married for two years" I would assume he no longer was.
    Dave, really? You wouldn't expect "I AM married" to mean he was still married?

    A context is easy enough to imagine. Three men are having a conversation, two complaining about their wives. The third guy says something like "Yeah, I know what you mean" and one others says "What would you know? You're not married!" and he says "I've been married."
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

  8. #8
    Raymott's Avatar
    Raymott is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Hello...active or passive

    Quote Originally Posted by Dawood Usmani View Post
    "I have been married + time" makes sense but only "I have been married" makes no sense at all. I have never seen such a sentence used all alone.
    It would be helpful if you provide us with the original sentence with context.
    Hope this has helped.
    I agree. By itself (which doesn't happen) it just means that at some stage in the past, "I" was married.

  9. #9
    SoothingDave is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Hello...active or passive

    Quote Originally Posted by Barb_D View Post
    Dave, really? You wouldn't expect "I AM married" to mean he was still married?

    A context is easy enough to imagine. Three men are having a conversation, two complaining about their wives. The third guy says something like "Yeah, I know what you mean" and one others says "What would you know? You're not married!" and he says "I've been married."
    I was not thinking this was a complete sentence. I was thinking "I have been married for x years."

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