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  1. #1
    donnach is offline Member
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    Default The goal is to study hard.

    The goal is to study hard.

    1. Is "is" considered a linking verb in this sentence?

    2. Would "to study" be an infinitive in this sentence?

    3. Is "to study" a predicate adjective? (Which it must be, I'd think, since "hard" is an adverb.)

    Thanks,

    Donna

  2. #2
    Hedwig's Avatar
    Hedwig is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: The goal is to study hard.

    Quote Originally Posted by donnach View Post
    The goal is to study hard.

    1. Is "is" considered a linking verb in this sentence?

    2. Would "to study" be an infinitive in this sentence?

    3. Is "to study" a predicate adjective? (Which it must be, I'd think, since "hard" is an adverb.)

    Thanks,

    Donna

    Hee, hee. I haven`t done this sort of thing for three decades. Let's see what I remember.

    1. I agree. Also called copula verb, or is this Spanglish?
    2. IMO 'to study' is an infinitive always.
    3. I disagree. The subject complement isn't necessarily always an adjective. It can also be a noun or noun phrase. Cf. 'Hedwig was my grandmother'. I'd say 'to study' works as a noun here. A nominal infinitive or some such name?

    = Not a teacher. Used to be a student. =

  3. #3
    donnach is offline Member
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    Default Re: The goal is to study hard.

    It is still referred to as either a linking verb or copula.

    My problem is that I agree with you, Hedwig--infinitive acting as a predicated noun. 'Hard' is an adverb modifying 'to study'. (To study diligently, faithfully, hard...)

    But 'hard' can't be an adverb because 'to study' is a predicate noun. So.....? What's 'hard', then?

    Maybe it's some sort of verb phrase modifier? Maybe it can modify separately the verb--only 'study' vs. the entire infinitive 'to study' that's acting as a noun complement...

    And it's rather depressing to me that you're pulling the info. out of your brain from 30 years ago when it's likely I've asked this question (maybe even on this same message board) or at least one quite similar to it within the past three years.

  4. #4
    Hedwig's Avatar
    Hedwig is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: The goal is to study hard.

    But even though 'to study' is acting as a noun it is still a verb, so perhaps it's OK for an adverb to modify it.
    We need a teacher here. Or The Parser, perhaps, since he seems to be fond of this sort of exercises.

  5. #5
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    Default Re: The goal is to study hard.

    Quote Originally Posted by Hedwig View Post
    But even though 'to study' is acting as a noun it is still a verb, so perhaps it's OK for an adverb to modify it.
    We need a teacher here
    Will a retarded retired one do? However it functions,"(to) study" is still an infinitive, a verb, and can be modified by an adverb.

    The same is true for a gerund - Studying hard is essential if you want to get good marks.

  6. #6
    Hedwig's Avatar
    Hedwig is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: The goal is to study hard.

    Fivejayjay, you rock!

  7. #7
    5jj's Avatar
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    Default Re: The goal is to study hard.

    Quote Originally Posted by Hedwig View Post
    Fivejayjay, you rock!
    . But I keep taking the tablets.

  8. #8
    Frank Antonson's Avatar
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    Default Re: The goal is to study hard.

    "...to study hard..."

    is an infinitive phrase acting as the predicate nominative.

  9. #9
    Hedwig's Avatar
    Hedwig is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: The goal is to study hard.

    Quote Originally Posted by Frank Antonson View Post
    "...to study hard..."

    is an infinitive phrase acting as the predicate nominative.
    Goody! What we (more or less) suspected is now properly labelled.
    Thanks, Frank.

  10. #10
    donnach is offline Member
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    Default Re: The goal is to study hard.

    Yes, goody. :)

    I completely forgot about infinitive phrases.

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