Results 1 to 8 of 8
  1. #1
    donnach is offline Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Feb 2008
    Posts
    126
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default adjective complement vs. adverb

    Harry feels confident that he will win the match.

    Is the red clause an adjective complement?

    If it modifies an adjective, doesn't it then function adverbially?

    Thanks!

  2. #2
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • Japan
    Join Date
    Nov 2002
    Posts
    43,590
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: adjective complement vs. adverb

    Does it modify his confidence?

  3. #3
    donnach is offline Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Feb 2008
    Posts
    126
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: adjective complement vs. adverb

    I believe it does. The word confident is an adjective, though, and this leads me to believe the clause is adverbial.

    Is it?

  4. #4
    Frank Antonson's Avatar
    Frank Antonson is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Posts
    1,151
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: adjective complement vs. adverb

    If the sentence were "Harry feels confident about his winning the match", it would be clear that there is an adverbial prepositional phrase with a gerund as its object.

    If the sentence were "Harry feels confident about the fact that he will win the match", the same would be true with a noun clause as the object of the preposition (introduced by what Harman and House call a function word(s)--"the fact that".

    Perhaps you could interpret the sentence as having "about the fact" understood and therefore being elliptical.

  5. #5
    Afit is offline Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • Dutch
      • Home Country:
      • Europe
      • Current Location:
      • Europe
    Join Date
    Jul 2011
    Posts
    173
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: adjective complement vs. adverb

    Quote Originally Posted by Tdol View Post
    Does it modify his confidence?
    Does it not?

  6. #6
    TheParser is offline VIP Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Posts
    5,143
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: adjective complement vs. adverb

    Quote Originally Posted by donnach View Post
    Harry feels confident that he will win the match.

    Is the red clause an adjective complement?

    If it modifies an adjective, doesn't it then function adverbially?

    Thanks!

    ***** NOT A TEACHER *****


    (1) There seem to be at least two theories.

    (2) IT IS A NOUN CLAUSE


    (a) This theory holds that your sentence is a short way to say:

    Harry is confident + of this fact (that he will win the match).

    (i) As you can see, "that he will win the match" is clearly a noun clause

    in apposition with the noun "fact."

    Source: Among the scholars who accept this analysis are Professors House

    and Harman in their Descriptive English Grammar.

    (3) IT IS AN ADVERBIAL CLAUSE

    (a) This theory says "that he will win the match" is an adverbial clause that

    modifies the adjective "confident."

    (i) Among scholars who hold this view are Professors Pence and Emery in their

    A Grammar of Present-Day English.

    (4) Personally, I am more comfortable with the theory of Professors House and Harman.

  7. #7
    donnach is offline Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Feb 2008
    Posts
    126
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: adjective complement vs. adverb

    Thank you!

  8. #8
    Afit is offline Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • Dutch
      • Home Country:
      • Europe
      • Current Location:
      • Europe
    Join Date
    Jul 2011
    Posts
    173
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: adjective complement vs. adverb

    Noun Clause as an Adjective Complement / Adverb

    A noun clause can also be an adjective complement. When I was a teenager, the term "adjective complement" did not exist, it was simply called an "adverb" or "adverbial clause".
    Consider this sentence: Everybody is upset that Gary failed.
    "That Gary failed" is a noun clause used as an adjective complement. The clause modifies the adjective "upset"; in other words, it is acting as an adverb.
    A second sentence example would be: She is happy that she is learning Spanish. The adjective complement in this sentence would be: that she is learning Spanish. The clause is complementing or modifying the adjective; i.e., it is acting as an adverb.
    English Grammar Tip 19 -- Using Noun Clauses

    ------------

    ---------------------------

    Harry feels confident (of the fact) that he will win the match.

    In my opinion, The part after "confident", irrespective of whether it is ellipted or whether it is not, is there to explain the reason why Harry feels confident. Modifier, curtailed adverbial.
    Last edited by Afit; 30-Aug-2011 at 13:54.

Similar Threads

  1. [Grammar] Prepositional Complement, Subj Complement, Noun Complement, Modality
    By starry_eyes in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 22-Jun-2011, 23:18
  2. [Grammar] What is adjective complement?
    By sandyy in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 26-Aug-2009, 09:10
  3. Adjective or Adverb?
    By justinwschang in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 16-Sep-2007, 14:27
  4. adjective or adverb?
    By Elham M. in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 6
    Last Post: 21-Jan-2006, 16:03
  5. adjective or adverb
    By notmyname216 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 24-Jan-2005, 02:43

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •