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  1. #1
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    Default Pronunciation of final -s

    What are the rules in regards to pronunciation of the final s in plural and 3rd person singular present? When does one use s, z, and iz? Thanks for your help.

  2. #2
    mykwyner is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Pronunciation of final -s

    We use the "z" sound when the word ends in a voiced sound.

    sofa...sofaz
    job...jobz
    food...foodz
    bee...beez etc.

    We use the "s" sound when the word ends in an unvoiced sound.

    tic...tics
    fluff...fluffs
    pop...pops
    cat...cats

    We use the "ez" sound when the word ends in ch, sh, s, x, z and maybe another I can't think of.

    church...churchez
    wish...wishez
    dress...dressez
    box...boxez
    buzz...buzzez

    Note: The Zs above are for pronunciation. We never spell the words like that.

  3. #3
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    Default Re: Pronunciation of final -s

    Additionally, most students memorize "voiced" and "unvoiced sounds" but there's an easier way to figure out when to use the sounds [s], [z], and [Iz].

    Place two fingers over your throat, where your larnyx is located, say the word "sofa", and notice if the last sound "a" produced vibration where your fingers are. If there's vibration, then use [z]:

    sofa => sofa[z], spelled "sofas"

    If there isn't vibration, use [s]:

    sleep => sleep[s], spelled "sleeps"

    Here are two examples for you to try:

    tab ([z] or [s]?)
    tap ([z] or [s]?)

    Now, if a word ends in a sound that sounds like [s] or [z], then use [Iz] (spelled "-es"). For example,

    church+[Iz]
    bush+[Iz]
    fox+[Iz]
    cause+[Iz]

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