Results 1 to 3 of 3

    • Join Date: Jul 2005
    • Posts: 4
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #1

    Pronunciation of final -s

    What are the rules in regards to pronunciation of the final s in plural and 3rd person singular present? When does one use s, z, and iz? Thanks for your help.

    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States

    • Join Date: May 2005
    • Posts: 2,047
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #2

    Re: Pronunciation of final -s

    We use the "z" sound when the word ends in a voiced sound.

    sofa...sofaz
    job...jobz
    food...foodz
    bee...beez etc.

    We use the "s" sound when the word ends in an unvoiced sound.

    tic...tics
    fluff...fluffs
    pop...pops
    cat...cats

    We use the "ez" sound when the word ends in ch, sh, s, x, z and maybe another I can't think of.

    church...churchez
    wish...wishez
    dress...dressez
    box...boxez
    buzz...buzzez

    Note: The Zs above are for pronunciation. We never spell the words like that.

  1. Casiopea's Avatar

    • Join Date: Sep 2003
    • Posts: 12,970
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #3

    Re: Pronunciation of final -s

    Additionally, most students memorize "voiced" and "unvoiced sounds" but there's an easier way to figure out when to use the sounds [s], [z], and [Iz].

    Place two fingers over your throat, where your larnyx is located, say the word "sofa", and notice if the last sound "a" produced vibration where your fingers are. If there's vibration, then use [z]:

    sofa => sofa[z], spelled "sofas"

    If there isn't vibration, use [s]:

    sleep => sleep[s], spelled "sleeps"

    Here are two examples for you to try:

    tab ([z] or [s]?)
    tap ([z] or [s]?)

    Now, if a word ends in a sound that sounds like [s] or [z], then use [Iz] (spelled "-es"). For example,

    church+[Iz]
    bush+[Iz]
    fox+[Iz]
    cause+[Iz]

Similar Threads

  1. How should we look on pronunciation?
    By phoenixtree in forum General Language Discussions
    Replies: 7
    Last Post: 24-Dec-2004, 02:48
  2. pronunciation
    By james_chew_84 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 4
    Last Post: 09-Nov-2004, 08:15
  3. pronunciation
    By james_chew_84 in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 03-Nov-2004, 09:42
  4. Final say
    By NewHope in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 27-Aug-2004, 13:14

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •