For your information,
Because deceived by him, she deserted him.
is not possible!
Neither would be a similarly constructed sentence using 'since', unless it were in a time sense, so that in e.g.
Since winning the lottery, he has been a new man.
'since' would be a preposition meaning 'since the time at which...' and not a conjunction meaning 'as/because...'.
Two conjunctions that freely allow formation of the kind of condensed clauses to which you are refer are 'when' and 'while', e.g.
When going on holiday, be sure to lock your windows.
(< When you are going on holiday,...)
I met a friend while walking in the park.
(< while I was walking in the park)
Be aware, however, that they are the exception rather than the rule! For concessive phrases, 'although' is usable in this way in combination with a following adjective, e.g.
Although anxious to know what had happened, he refrained from asking any questions.
but when a verbal notion is involved, we use the construction [despite/in spite of + gerund]:
Despite being an excellent player, he lost terribly.
(not: *Although being...')
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