No Phonetics is the way the sounds sound like
Phonoly is the way we sound them
like /c/ can sometimes sound like /k/ like in /cat/ or /cake/ & sometimes like /s/ like in /cease/
in phoenitcs you will write /cat/ as /kat/ & /cease/ as /sis/.
phoneme is the smallest uint possible like /cat/, //pre/ /sent/ (present)
phone is the sounds /s/, /d/, /r/. allophone is like in some languages you can have 2 or more sounds or the same phone or in some derivation (of tenses) you use sound 1 instead of sound 2
you can see it in japanese, where they switch between /r/ & /l/ for instance.
sorry, don;t remember the answer to the last one.
You do relaise you need to further study this from books, this is just the tip of the ice.
Hope this helps