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Thread: "by" as adverb

  1. #1
    notmyname216 is offline Junior Member
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    "by" as adverb

    Given this sentence:

    The ball was kicked by Jim.

    I read that "by" is NOT a preposition in this sentence. Instead it is a adverb.
    Is this because it is a passive sentence?

    If the sentence was this:

    Jim kicked the ball by the car.

    Is "by" a preposition because the sentence is a active sentence?

    Is a sentence always passive by the existance of a auxiliary verb?

  2. #2
    JJM Ballantyne is offline Junior Member
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    Re: "by" as adverb

    I'm not sure where you read "by" was an adverb.

    It's a preposition.

  3. #3
    notmyname216 is offline Junior Member
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    Re: "by" as adverb

    Here is the link were it says it is a adverb and explains why it is:

    http://www.csun.edu/~galasso/completehandbook4.htm

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