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America is known as the land of religious freedom. In fact, freedom of religion is guaranteed by the United States Constitution. Not surprisingly, all types of believers exist, from the prostrate zealot to the steadfast agnostic. Several religious sects, which forbid certain temporal pleasures, have developed over time. Some faiths may require nuns or priests to take a vow of poverty and live in a convent or monastery. Other sects have even imposed the requirement of celibacy upon their leaders.
Not all religions impose such a harsh requirement, however. Many faiths in America base their doctrines on the tenet that a believer procures eternal salvation through faith in their savior alone and that all other gods must be renounced. The faithful usually establish a place of worship to exalt and laud their savior. The place of worship may be a brick or wooden structure, inside which the believers are seated on wooden pews, although some religions require their followers to sit on the floor. During worship, chanting may be done in a pious and serene atmosphere by religious leaders and laypeople alike.
The congregation beseeches their god to assuage their guilt over their transgressions. In other words, they implore their god to respond with compassion, rather than wrath. In certain religions, new converts may provide personal testimonials of their faith as an inspiration to others. In addition, many religions place certain altruistic expectations on their members by collecting donations. The contributions are sometimes used for missions, which spread the faith. When worship is concluded, believers may assemble in a refectory, fellowship hall, or other religious venue.
1) Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?
A) Religious followers include those who are wildly enthusiastic, as well as those who are doubtful about their faith.
B) The U.S. Constitution has imposed limitations on certain religions.
C) All priests are subject to a vow of poverty.
D) Most faiths restrict earthly desires.
2) Most American religions
A) are pantheistic in nature.
B) worship only one god.
C) teach that salvation is dependent upon philanthropy.
D) require chaste and abstemious behaviour.
3) Worship typically consists of
A) the religious leader begging god for the forgiveness of the people.
B) a discussion of religious dogma.
C) instrumental music.
D) none of the above.
4) Which of the following statement is false according to the passage?
A) Worship is a means of praising and honoring the savior of the people.
B) Worship takes place in a holy and peaceful environment.
C) The people entreat their god for forgiveness.
D) New believers request donations on behalf of missionaries.
5) The purpose of the refectory is
A) to provide a gathering place for the congregation.
B) to give new converts additional opportunities to speak.
C) to offer the congregation further time to make monetary contributions.
D) to serve as a platform for testimonials.
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