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Thread: ESTABLISHED

  1. #1
    hooshdar3 is offline Banned
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    Default ESTABLISHED

    Hi.
    "Firmly established by the 17th centry, casting has existed in other forms since the 1300s."

    What does established means?Formalized?

  2. #2
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    Default Re: ESTABLISHED

    Validate(d), or simply confirm(ed).

  3. #3
    Tdol is offline Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: ESTABLISHED

    I think the meaning is probably different here- the method used for casting had become accepted and was widely used.

  4. #4
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    Default Re: ESTABLISHED

    castling?

  5. #5
    hooshdar3 is offline Banned
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    Default Re: ESTABLISHED

    Quote Originally Posted by 5jj View Post
    castling?
    Yes sir, sorry for the typo.Castling.
    And I think previous posts took it as "casting".
    Last edited by hooshdar3; 02-Dec-2011 at 15:17.

  6. #6
    hooshdar3 is offline Banned
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    Default Re: ESTABLISHED

    Quote Originally Posted by hooshdar3 View Post
    Yes sir, sorry for the typo.Castling.
    And I think previous posts took it as "casting".
    Any answer?

    Castling is a chess rule and cannot be validated.

  7. #7
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    Default Re: ESTABLISHED

    Still the same answer. Accepted, confirmed as valid, widely used.
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

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