Results 1 to 3 of 3
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Canada
      • Current Location:
      • Switzerland

    • Join Date: Aug 2009
    • Posts: 1,676
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #1

    Comma before "Including"

    "Our client handed over a copy of your reply of June 1, 2011, and a copy of the contract including Annexes 1 and 2."

    The annexes are part of the contract.

    Sometimes, whether one puts a comma before "including" or not can affect the meaning of the sentence. In the above sentence, though, I can't make out a difference in meaning; in other words, I don't think it matters whether there's a comma or not, even though I'd prefer to use one.

    What do you think?

    Thanks!

    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Canada
      • Current Location:
      • Switzerland

    • Join Date: Aug 2009
    • Posts: 1,676
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #2

    Re: Comma before "Including"

    Now that I've thought about it a bit more, I think that not putting a comma after "contract" might imply the annexes are not part of the contract. But I'm really not sure.

  1. Raymott's Avatar
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Academic
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Australia
      • Current Location:
      • Australia

    • Join Date: Jun 2008
    • Posts: 20,227
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #3

    Re: Comma before "Including"

    Quote Originally Posted by Allen165 View Post
    Now that I've thought about it a bit more, I think that not putting a comma after "contract" might imply the annexes are not part of the contract. But I'm really not sure.
    Use a comma. Otherwise you could mean that the client gave you a copy of "the contract including Annexes 1 and 2." rather than a copy of another contract.
    That is, "Which contract did they send?" - "The contract including Annexes 1 and 2"

    "Including" doesn't and can't mean "and" or "as well as", so the comma doesn't make a difference in that respect. If the annexes are not part of the contract, you cannot say, "They sent a copy of the contract including annexes 1 and 2", irrespective of whether you include a comma.

Similar Threads

  1. comma before 'especially' and 'including'
    By duiter in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: 27-Sep-2010, 18:53
  2. Comma before including?
    By Ulysses in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 14-Dec-2009, 02:16
  3. [Grammar] Is it compulsory to writre a comma after "for example"?
    By uktous in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 20-Nov-2009, 06:55
  4. [General] Surnames including "de"
    By Alice B in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 09-Oct-2009, 07:01
  5. Replies: 5
    Last Post: 11-May-2007, 19:41

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •