Re: how to understand
It's a commentary that society doesn't value women the way they value men, especially in the workplace. Two people with equal degrees and experience should have the same opportunity. Not that long ago, at least in the US, the man would often get the better job simply because he was a man. The woman had to have more experience to be considered "as good." This now (thankfully) is a somewhat outdated statement where I live.
I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.