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  1. keannu's Avatar
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    #1

    As Japan faces a serious labor shortage

    Is this "as" "because" or "incremental change= while somethings increases or decreases"?

    ex)As Japan faces a serious labor shortage with its aging population, it has been told to open itself up to immigration. However, the Japanese government is actively encouraging both foreign workers and foreign graduates of its universities to return home....

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    #2

    Re: As Japan faces a serious labor shortage

    because

  2. keannu's Avatar
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    #3

    Re: As Japan faces a serious labor shortage

    Quote Originally Posted by J&K Tutoring View Post
    because
    No chance for incremental or decremental change such as the following?
    ex)As he got older, he got weaker.

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    #4

    Re: As Japan faces a serious labor shortage

    Not really- the natural interpretation is because- the incremental change doesn't go well with the present perfect here IMO.

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