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  1. #1
    suprunp's Avatar
    suprunp is offline Senior Member
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    Default How have I changed

    “It is not the same,” Fuka-Eri said. “You changed.”
    “I changed,” Tengo repeated.
    Fuka-Eri nodded.
    “How have I changed

    (H. Murakami; 1Q84)


    Uses of the Past Simple Tense
    - when the action clearly took place at a definite time even though this time is not mentioned:
    How did you get your present job?

    (Змиева (Zmieva); Practical English Grammar Handbook)
    This is a handbook from when I studied at my university.



    Apart from what is said in the handbook I (we) was taught categorically that if one begins a question with the word "how" one must not use perfect tenses at all.
    I dare to suppose that this is not quite right and maybe the way it should be explained is slightly different where you teach or study.
    Am I right?

    (I have given the extract from "1Q84" as an example that, in my book, shows a situation in which the speaker does not know a definite time (or thinks it was a gradual process) and, therefore, is free to use the present perfect.)

    Thanks.

  2. #2
    Rover_KE is offline Moderator
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    Default Re: How have I changed

    There is nothing at all wrong with 'How have I changed?'

    Rover

  3. #3
    5jj's Avatar
    5jj is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: How have I changed

    Quote Originally Posted by suprunp View Post
    “It is not the same,” Fuka-Eri said. “You changed.”
    “I changed,” Tengo repeated.
    Fuka-Eri nodded.
    “How have I changed


    This is fine. Fuka-Eri is in effect saying, "How am I different now as a result of this change?"

    Uses of the Past Simple Tense
    - when the action clearly took place at a definite time even though this time is not mentioned:...How did you get your present job?


    That is fine.

    I (we) was taught categorically that if one begins a question with the word "how" one must not use perfect tenses at all.
    That is not true.
    5

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