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  1. #1
    masterding is offline Member
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    Default arbitrary eviction

    Quote from VOA:
    "Their name is long but precise: The UN Principles for Housing and Property Restitution for Refugees and IDPs. Relief groups and lawyers know them as the Pinheiro Principles, named for Paulo Sergio Pinheiro, the author of a study that assembled the guidelines and a former UN sub-commission special rapporteur on housing and property restitution.
    ....
    Chris Huggins, the director of the consulting firm called Land Conflict Research in Ottawa, Canada, said the Pinheiro Principles bring with them recommendations and standards relating to the restitution of refugee lands.
    "[The principles interact] with existing guidelines and international frameworks," he said. "[They are] not what we call 'hard law' so [they] don't necessarily represent a legal obligation by governments or the UNHCR, but in certain parts of the world, they have been used to interpret existing treaties or agreements."
    They include the African Commission on Human and People's Rights. It relied on the Pinheiro Principles when deciding a recent lawsuit against the Government of Sudan for abuses against the internally displaced in Darfur. The commission found that Khartoum had "failed to show it refrained from forced eviction or the demolition of houses and other property" from Janjaweed militia.
    ...
    The African Commission's ruling calls on the Government of Sudan to provide conditions for the safe return of IDPs and refugees and to establish "a National Reconciliation Forum that would, among others, resolve issues of land, grazing and water rights...."
    ...
    They also protect secondary occupants, who have settled on refugee property, from arbitrary eviction and encourage governments to find a remedy to their claims to property as well.
    ...
    The Pinheiro Principles are also part of the tripartite agreements signed between the UNHCR, the country of origin and the host country, which cannot arbitrarily deport them.
    my questions are:
    1.I assume "they" refers to "principles", and "African Commission on Human and People's Rights " is an orginization, how can principles include an orginization?
    2.What's the good of using quotation marks in this sentence?And what does "from Janjaweed militia" refer to? Does it mean houses and other property are from Janjaweed militia?
    3.What's the difference betwwen "arbitrary eviction" and "forced eviction"?
    4.What does" which" refer to? and what does "them" refer to?
    Thanks.

  2. #2
    5jj's Avatar
    5jj is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: arbitrary eviction

    Quote Originally Posted by masterding View Post
    1.I assume "they" refers to "principles", and "African Commission on Human and People's Rights " is an orginization, how can principles include an orginization?
    'They include...' 'they' refers back to an unstated 'and organisations' which we could add after 'governments'. It's sloppy writing.
    2.What's the good of using quotation marks in this sentence?
    The article is quoting directly from the commission's report.
    And what does "from Janjaweed militia" refer to? Does it mean houses and other property are from Janjaweed militia?
    Sloppy writing again. I assume that the writer was thinking that the giverment had failed to protect residents from the actions of the militia.
    3.What's the difference betwwen "arbitrary eviction" - there is no justification for the eviction
    and "forced eviction"? - it was carried out by force.
    4.What does" which" refer to? - the host country.
    and what does "them" refer to? - the internally displaced and/or secondary occupants.
    5

  3. #3
    masterding is offline Member
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    Default Re: arbitrary eviction

    4. Is it again sloppy writting?

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