Personally I think motivation plays an important role on what strategies may be implemented by learners. Obviously motivation factors vary a lot depending on whether you are focussing on second language learners or foreign language learners. In the former case you are more likely to be dealing with language acquisition, whereas in the latter you are talking about language learning.
As an English teacher to 10-14-year-old Italian students my experience has taught me that if you manage to raise their interest and
their attention the results may be pleasantly surprising. Then again their motivation may differ a lot from that of learners having to learn a language because they have moved to a different country where they live now. Accordingly I think their learning strategies are going to be different.
Hope this helps.
All the best
Last edited by shannico; 20-Feb-2012 at 12:33. Reason: added Italian students
I really appreciate your idea. I think there are different factors affecting learner strategies such as: motivation, age, learning goal, interaction, nature of tasks (sub learning goal)....However, I intend to focus on one factor of those to do empirical study this time. I am looking for materials relating to this topic. It would be very grateful if you should share with me when you come across some references some time. Thank you. Nice to meet you. I hope I can improve my specialized knowledge and have a chance to exchange useful information from pen pals around the world.
I've found that recognizing the shifted vowels and consonants over the centuries allows you to "see through" the modern words and into their cognates in the other related languages, e.g. Vulgar Latin cl, fl, pl > Castillian ll.... llamar < clamar, claim, exclaim, call; llama < flama, flame.
The reason I suggest the philological approach is that even I, who have never formally studied the Slavic languages, can recognize etymologies related to English in mother Russian now that I'm trying to delve into the language a little (e.g. daughter, tochter, дочка; love, liebe, любовь [lyub].
It's worth a try, then you'll likely start remembering the vocabulary.