Is the following passage correct?
"Anyone who pollutes or cause environmental damage will be subject to a fine."
It is, however, so vague as to be unenforceable. If I drive to a park to help plant trees and pick up the trash left by others, I've polluted because my car is not electric. (And if it were electric, then using electricity to charge it would have caused pollution because the power plant that creates the electricity pollutes.) Am I to be subject to a fine?
I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.
The less we pollute, the better. It's the result of the equation that matters.
I don't argue that idea. I argue the idea that you'll be fined for polluting. We all pollute, to a greater or lesser degree, no matter how careful we are.
Should I write: "Any one who throws trash in inappropriate spots is subject to be fined"?
That's called "littering" here. Littering is punishable by a fine. You will be fined for littering.