Can I asked this:
The refugees continued to feel unsafe until they had crossed the border.
So how can we rewrite it with "Not until"?
If you say
"The refugees continued to feel unsafe until they had crossed the border",
wouldn't it mean this -- The refugees felt unsafe before crossing the border. After they had crossed the border, they felt safe.
Now, we rewrite it with "not until":
"Not until they had crossed the border did the refugees (begin to) feel safe" -- as opposed to feeling unsafe. For the meaning to stay the same, we had to change unsafe to safe.
In other words, "Until" means "from the past to point X", whereas "not until" means "from point X to the future".
I found this forum when I searched for "not until" and its usage, because I wanted to find out how to complete a sentence in an English exercise. This is the sentence:
" Y he'd got an official warning which had stated quite clearly that..." etc. Y has to have the meaning of "Not until last summer".
But am I right that you can't just say "Not until last summer he'd got an official warning..." because the word order would break? It should be "not until last summer had he got". But I can't change that. So correct me if I'm wrong, but does it go like this:
"It was not until last summer that he'd got an official warning...". If we put a subject "It" in the beginning, we can use direct word order in the subordinate clause, right? Without "It" there would be only one subject, "He", and because of that only one clause, which would have to have an inverse word order (correct term?) because of the "not until" in the beginning.
Additionally, when I registered here, I got this message:
"Until you have activated your account, you will not be able to post messages in these forums."
The first one is used; the other one isn't. Thus, it is not an apt comparison.
The second one is not used. You might say, "I won't stay here until 9:00pm" with the same meaning.
Althoiugh the item was at the restaurant during the entire drive home, it was not until (not before) he arrived at the house that he remembered leaving it there. (Did I explain that adequately?)
The action (remembering that he had left the item at the restaurant) happens after he arrives at his house. The item was at the restaurant the whole time, but he didn't remember it before then. The remembering happened after he got home.