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  1. #1
    Jadoon 84 is offline Member
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    Default Do & does Vs Are, Is & Am

    I am really confused with the usage of Do & Does and Are & Is in asking questions. Like

    1, Are England ready for Australia? (Cricket match) I read it in newspaper but as far as I have learned Are, Is & Am are used in present continuous tense i.e. They are playing cricket. But in the above sentence there is no present participle
    yet they used "Are" as helping verb. I think the sentence should have been as follows
    2, Do England ready for Australia? (because do, does are used in present simple i.e. Do you play cricket?

    Question: In reference to the above sentence how will I come to know to use Are, Is and Do, Does? Using Are, Is require present participle but there is no present participle in sentence # 01.

  2. #2
    5jj's Avatar
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    Default Re: Do & does Vs Are, Is & Am

    Quote Originally Posted by Jadoon 84 View Post
    1, Are England ready for Australia? (Cricket match) I read it in a newspaper but as far as I have learned Are, Is & Am are used in present continuous tense i.e. They are playing cricket. But in the above sentence there is no present participle yet they used "Are" as helping verb.
    No they didn't 'Are' is used as a full verb in that sentence.
    I think the sentence should have been as follows:
    2, Do England ready for Australia? (because do, does are used in present simple i.e. Do you play cricket?
    DO is used as an auxiliary verb to construct the interrogative, negative and emphatic forms of almost all full verbs. There is no full verb in your sentence, which is not correct English.

  3. #3
    charliedeut's Avatar
    charliedeut is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Do & does Vs Are, Is & Am

    Quote Originally Posted by Jadoon 84 View Post
    I am really confused with the usage of Do & Does and Are & Is in asking questions. Like

    1, Are England ready for Australia? (Cricket match) I read it in newspaper but as far as I have learned Are, Is & Am are used in present continuous tense i.e. They are playing cricket. But in the above sentence there is no present participle
    yet they used "Are" as helping verb.
    Hi Jadoon,

    In the sentence there is no present participle because the sentence has been shortened (it was probably the Headline). It means "Are [the players of] England ready for [the game against] Australia?" So the sentence is in the simple present tense, not in the present continuous, which would require the present participle.

    Greetings,

    charliedeut
    Please be aware that I'm neither a native English speaker nor a teacher.

  4. #4
    5jj's Avatar
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    Default Re: Do & does Vs Are, Is & Am

    Quote Originally Posted by charliedeut View Post
    In the sentence there is no present participle because the sentence has been shortened (it was probably the Headline). It means "Are (the players of) England ready for [the game against] Australia?"
    The sentence has not been shortened. It is a natural, full English sentence.
    So the sentence is in the simple present tense, not in the present continuous, which would require the present participle.
    It is the present simple because that is the appropriate tense.

  5. #5
    charliedeut's Avatar
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    Default Re: Do & does Vs Are, Is & Am

    Quote Originally Posted by Jadoon 84 View Post
    1, Are England ready for Australia?
    Also, note that, in cases like this, "Is England ready for Australia?" would also be correct, if you consider the team as a unit rather than as a group of players.

    Greetings,

    charliedeut
    Last edited by charliedeut; 28-Jun-2012 at 13:20. Reason: typo
    Please be aware that I'm neither a native English speaker nor a teacher.

  6. #6
    Jadoon 84 is offline Member
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    Default Re: Do & does Vs Are, Is & Am

    Attention 5jj

    Please explain the first phase of your answer in detail.

    Are England ready for Australia? They have used 'Are" as helping verb to construct interrogation.
    while we have learned that Are, Is and am are used with present participle i.e. Are you going to school? There is no present participle in the sentence.

    Other sentences may be
    1, Are you ready for test?
    2, Is he a doctor?
    There is no present participle but there is Are and Is in the both sentences.

  7. #7
    charliedeut's Avatar
    charliedeut is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: Do & does Vs Are, Is & Am

    Quote Originally Posted by 5jj View Post
    The sentence has not been shortened. It is a natural, full English sentence. It is the present simple because that is the appropriate tense.
    Hi Jed,

    I didn't want to imply that it was wrong at all. I just tried to look for a longer context/sentence so that the explanation was clearer to the OP. Shorter sentences sometimes pose a problem for us foreigners, and a few extra words usually do the trick.

    Thanks for the corrections anyway

    Greetings,

    charliedeut
    Please be aware that I'm neither a native English speaker nor a teacher.

  8. #8
    TheParser is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Do & does Vs Are, Is & Am

    NOT A TEACHER


    Hello, Jadoon:

    May I add my two bits to 5jj's and Charliedeut's excellent answers?

    My teachers told me that sometimes it helps to rearrange the words of a question. In other words, mentally put

    the words in "regular" order:

    "England are ready for Australia."

    Now do you see why no -ing is necessary?

  9. #9
    charliedeut's Avatar
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    Default Re: Do & does Vs Are, Is & Am

    Quote Originally Posted by TheParser View Post
    Is England ready for Australia?
    Hi Parser,

    See post #5, I guess irrespective of the variant/accent/dialect
    Please be aware that I'm neither a native English speaker nor a teacher.

  10. #10
    5jj's Avatar
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    Default Re: Do & does Vs Are, Is & Am

    In British English, Both 'is' and 'are' are possible in ' - England ready for the test?'

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