Re: Usage of "neighbor", "neighboring", "neighbored", "nearby"
Originally Posted by Fabulous_Learner
Thanks for the constructive replies!
I conclude the following:
1- We cannot use "neighbor" as an adjective. Always it is a noun.
Well, technically Merriam-Webster lists neighbor as an adjective, but I'm struggling to think of any example when I've actually heard it used that way. I don't suggest doing it.
2- We sometimes (at least in AmE) use "neighbored by" (but not neighbored with) but we should not use it to refer to people.
Neighbored by is passive voice, but you can use the active-voice verb neighbor. This is also true in BrE (with the spelling neighbour of course).
OED gives this example: "the square neighbours the old quarter of the town." I still don't suggest using it very often, in AmE or BrE. Listen for the phrase on the news, and you'll probably only hear it once in a while.
3- The word "neighboring" sounds natural if used as an adjective. But depending on context, it would be better to use alternative words such as "nearby" or "neighborhood".
I agree that context will determine the best word. :)
Are you ok with my conclusions?
Can I rephrase my first sentence as follows:
We do not carry any rice, but our neighboring store certainly does.
Part of learning a language is figuring out which words are used in which contexts. Sometimes there are 10 synonyms, but only experience can tell you what sounds natural to native speakers. In this sentence, the use of "neighboring" is being forced a bit.