Results 1 to 9 of 9
  1. #1
    keannu's Avatar
    keannu is offline Key Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Korean
      • Home Country:
      • South Korea
      • Current Location:
      • South Korea
    Join Date
    Dec 2010
    Posts
    4,344
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default drag-reducing behavior

    1. What does this "drag-reducing" mean? Does this "drag" mean by leader fish or by water? The translation goes "resistance", which seems to mean "resistance by water", but I doubt if it's by other fish.

    2. What does this "draft" mean? "floating around"?

    is122
    ex)Schooling also can serve as a drag-reducing behavior as individuals draft behind leading individuals, much as race car drivers do. Laboratory studies with fishes that instinctively school also indicate that if these fishes are isolated at an early age and prevented from...

  2. #2
    5jj's Avatar
    5jj is offline VIP Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Retired English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • Czech Republic
    Join Date
    Oct 2010
    Posts
    28,168
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: drag-reducing behavior

    Quote Originally Posted by keannu View Post
    1. What does this "drag-reducing" mean? Does this "drag" mean by leader fish or by water? The translation goes "resistance", which seems to mean "resistance by water", but I doubt if it's by other fish.
    Keannu, you answer your own questions sometime. Reducing does not mean resistance. The translation is simply not correct. If the leading individuals cause the drag to be reduced, they don't cause the drag, do they?

  3. #3
    emsr2d2's Avatar
    emsr2d2 is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • UK
    Join Date
    Jul 2009
    Posts
    23,275
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: drag-reducing behavior

    The analogy of the racing cars was a good one to help to explain "draft". In a car race, some drivers tend to sit directly behind another car, in its "slipstream". In this way, they conserve fuel because the car in front partly pulls them along. The same goes for fish, it seems. Individuals swim behind the leading individuals. The leading individuals do the hard work, swimming purely by their own effort and those behind, although also swimming, do not have to exert as much energy.
    Remember - correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing make posts much easier to read.

  4. #4
    charliedeut's Avatar
    charliedeut is offline VIP Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Interested in Language
      • Native Language:
      • Spanish
      • Home Country:
      • Spain
      • Current Location:
      • Spain
    Join Date
    Oct 2009
    Posts
    5,421
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: drag-reducing behavior

    Has "fishes" become an accepted plural of "fish"?
    Please be aware that I'm neither a native English speaker nor a teacher.

  5. #5
    Rover_KE is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Retired English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England
    Join Date
    Jun 2010
    Posts
    14,505
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: drag-reducing behavior

    It always was an accepted plural — especially when referring to different species of fish as in this context.

    Read more about it here.

    Rover

  6. #6
    emsr2d2's Avatar
    emsr2d2 is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • UK
      • Current Location:
      • UK
    Join Date
    Jul 2009
    Posts
    23,275
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: drag-reducing behavior

    Quote Originally Posted by charliedeut View Post
    Has "fishes" become an accepted plural of "fish"?
    It's always been an acceptable, but not often used, plural of "fish". Most dictionaries seem to give something along the lines of: "Plural: fish or fishes. The normal plural is fish, with fishes used to denote different species of fish".

    Edit: Posting at the same time as Rover but, as you can see, same info.
    Remember - correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing make posts much easier to read.

  7. #7
    keannu's Avatar
    keannu is offline Key Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Korean
      • Home Country:
      • South Korea
      • Current Location:
      • South Korea
    Join Date
    Dec 2010
    Posts
    4,344
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: drag-reducing behavior

    I couldn't find the definition of "drag" used here in the dictionary, but according to your explanation, it seems to mean "to draw with force" and "such drawing force" reduces due to the guidance of the leader fish, right?

  8. #8
    bhaisahab's Avatar
    bhaisahab is offline Moderator
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Retired English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • British English
      • Home Country:
      • England
      • Current Location:
      • England
    Join Date
    Apr 2008
    Posts
    22,540
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: drag-reducing behavior

    Quote Originally Posted by keannu View Post
    I couldn't find the definition of "drag" used here in the dictionary, but according to your explanation, it seems to mean "to draw with force" and "such drawing force" reduces due to the guidance of the leader fish, right?
    No, have a look here: drag noun (PULL) - definition in British English Dictionary & Thesaurus - Cambridge Dictionary Online

  9. #9
    keannu's Avatar
    keannu is offline Key Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Korean
      • Home Country:
      • South Korea
      • Current Location:
      • South Korea
    Join Date
    Dec 2010
    Posts
    4,344
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: drag-reducing behavior

    Thanks a lot! I feel so refreshed, something stuck in my heart disappearing!!!

Similar Threads

  1. [General] can someone help me with reducing my asian accent
    By waikchow in forum Pronunciation and Phonetics
    Replies: 27
    Last Post: 23-May-2012, 04:51
  2. How to reply reducing price
    By goodstudent in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: 04-Mar-2012, 01:19
  3. [Grammar] Reducing Relative Clauses
    By vcolts in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 24-Oct-2011, 10:19
  4. Replies: 1
    Last Post: 21-Apr-2007, 08:33
  5. reply to 'drag on and drag out'
    By lang in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 05-Jun-2005, 11:00

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •