Results 1 to 2 of 2
  1. #1
    NewHopeR is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • China
      • Current Location:
      • China
    Join Date
    Nov 2009
    Posts
    1,049
    Post Thanks / Like

    What is "donuts" here? local recurrence or positive cytology from donuts wash

    Context:

    Background Implantation of exfoliated cancer cells has been suggested as a possible mechanism of local recurrence at the site of colorectal anastomosis. Intraoperative rectal washout has been suggested to eliminate free cancer cells; however, there is no conclusive evidence of a beneficial effect of intraoperative rectal washout on local recurrence after anterior resection of rectal cancer.

    Methods Studies published through February 2012 evaluating the impact of intraoperative rectal washout for local recurrence or positive cytology from donuts wash were identified by an electronic literature search. A meta-analysis was performed using the DerSimonian-Laird random-effects models to compute risk ratio (RR) along with 95 % confidence intervals (CI).

    Results Nine studies met the inclusion criteria, yielding a total of 5,395 patients. Eight studies evaluated overall local recurrence, including anastomotic recurrence, and five of the eight studies evaluated anastomotic recurrence separately. Two studies evaluated positive cytology from donuts wash. Local recurrence rate was 5.79 % in the washout group and 10.05 % in the no washout group—a difference that was statistically significant (RR = 0.57; 95 % CI = 0.46-0.71; P < 0.00001). Rectal washout significantly reduced the risk of anastomotic recurrence (RR = 0.3; 95 % CI = 0.12-0.71; P = 0.007). No influence of rectal washout was observed on positive cytology from donuts wash.

    Conclusions From the results of this meta-analysis, it may be justified to recommend intraoperative rectal washout to prevent local recurrence in rectal cancer surgery.

  2. #2
    Gillnetter is offline Key Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • United States
      • Current Location:
      • United States
    Join Date
    Jan 2010
    Posts
    1,696
    Post Thanks / Like

    Re: What is "donuts" here? local recurrence or positive cytology from donuts wash

    There are too many specific terms related to medicine in this text for a lay person to be able to determine what "donuts wash" refers to, or means. From my estimation, a "donut wash" could be a procedure unrelated to either of the terms in your question.

Similar Threads

  1. Replies: 2
    Last Post: 08-Mar-2012, 05:24
  2. What does "Local Flair" mean?
    By NewHopeR in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 5
    Last Post: 08-Feb-2012, 07:13
  3. [Essay] "My project to create positive change in my environment.?"
    By Unregistered in forum Editing & Writing Topics
    Replies: 1
    Last Post: 29-Jun-2008, 17:36
  4. meaning of word "wash"
    By Unregistered in forum Ask a Teacher
    Replies: 3
    Last Post: 13-Jun-2007, 17:29

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •