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    #1

    Smile The difference of meaning

    Hi.
    Could you please explain the difference of following phrases?

    1) Japan's rule
    2) Japanese rule
    3) the rule of Japan


    Thanks

  1. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #2

    Re: The difference of meaning

    1) Ownership: Japan owns the "rule"
    2) Type/Kind: What kind of rule? A Japanese one.
    3) Belongs to: These are the rules of this country

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    #3

    Re: The difference of meaning

    Quote Originally Posted by Casiopea
    1) Ownership: Japan owns the "rule"
    2) Type/Kind: What kind of rule? A Japanese one.
    3) Belongs to: These are the rules of this country
    From your reply strictly follows that "the Japan's rule" and "the rule of Japan" have different meaning. I would never say this, really! Is it a general rule, or maybe it applies for countries only?

  2. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #4

    Re: The difference of meaning

    Structure carries meaning. Different structures can share similar meanings; e.g., X's Y and the Y of X, but that doesn't mean they share the exact same meaning.

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    #5

    Re: The difference of meaning

    But if you say "John's mother" it doesn't mean John owns his mother, does it? So why would "Japan's rule" mean Japan owns the "rule"?

  3. Casiopea's Avatar

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    #6

    Re: The difference of meaning

    "mother" represents an animate being; "rule" is inanimate.

    the mother of John <incorrect>
    the rule of Japan <correct>
    Japan's rule <correct>
    John's mother <correct>

    Can you see the pattern?

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