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  1. #1
    aysaa is offline Senior Member
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    Default by who(m)-passive

    Hi,

    Question 1:

    A : He was murdered
    B : By who? / By whom? / Who by? / Whom by?

    Question 2:

    By whom was America discovered?
    Who was America discovered by?

    In the first example, I chose 'by who' or 'by whom'.
    In the second example, I prefer the second.

    Could you please tell me your opinion?

    Thanks.
    Last edited by aysaa; 01-Oct-2012 at 19:29.

  2. #2
    bhaisahab's Avatar
    bhaisahab is online now Moderator
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    Default Re: by who(m)-passive

    Quote Originally Posted by aysaa View Post
    Hi,

    Question 1:

    A : He was murdered
    B : By who? / By whom? / Who by? / Whom by?

    Question 2:

    By whom was America discovered?
    Who was America discovered by?

    In the first example, I chose 'by who' or 'by whom'.
    In the second example, I prefer the second.

    Could you please tell me your opinion?

    Thanks.
    In question 2 "By whom was America discovered?" is correct. More natural would be "Who discovered America?"

  3. #3
    aysaa is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: by who(m)-passive

    I have always seen this expanation from the teachers on net such as (by) who / whom ...? [question using passive voice] - WordReference Forums

    By whom was the book written? (extremely formal)
    and
    Who was the book written by? (everyday speech and writing).


    Thanks.
    Last edited by aysaa; 02-Oct-2012 at 10:43.

  4. #4
    Barb_D's Avatar
    Barb_D is offline Moderator
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    Default Re: by who(m)-passive

    Quote Originally Posted by aysaa View Post

    Who was the book written by? (everyday speech and writing).

    But even more natural: Who wrote this book?
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

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