Results 1 to 6 of 6
  1. #1
    Winwin2011 is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Interested in Language
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • Hong Kong
      • Current Location:
      • Hong Kong
    Join Date
    Aug 2011
    Posts
    869
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Use of this and that

    The usage of this and that are quoted from Pratical English usage, Machael Swan 589-590.

    589 3. time

    This/these can refer to situations and events which are going on or just about to start.

    e.g Listen to this. You'll like it. (Not "Listen to that")
    Watch this. This is a police message.

    That/those can refere to situations and events which have just finished, or which are more distant in the past.

    e.g That was nice. What was it? (Not "This was nice")

    590 this/that and it:

    things that have just been mentioned

    1. referring back

    This, that and it can all be refer back to things or situations that have just been talked or written about it. 'It' does not give any special emphasis.

    So she decided to paint her house prink. It upset the neighbours a bit.

    This and that are more emphatic; they 'shine a light', so to speak, on the things or situation, suggesting 'an interesting new fact has been mentioned'.

    So she decided to paint her house prink. Thi/That really upset the neighbours, as you can imagine.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Could anybody explain the difference between s589 and s590 to me, please?

    Thanks for your help.
    Last edited by Winwin2011; 13-Oct-2012 at 13:22. Reason: E

  2. #2
    Winwin2011 is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Interested in Language
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • Hong Kong
      • Current Location:
      • Hong Kong
    Join Date
    Aug 2011
    Posts
    869
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Use of this and that

    Quote Originally Posted by Winwin2011 View Post
    The followings are quoted from Pratical English usage, Machael Swan 589-590.

    Could anybody explain the difference between s589 and s590 to me, please?

    Thanks for your help.
    I wonder if anybody understands what I am asking? I think it is hard to express it. Please correct me if I am wrong.

    Thanks.
    Last edited by Winwin2011; 13-Oct-2012 at 13:07.

  3. #3
    Winwin2011 is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Interested in Language
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • Hong Kong
      • Current Location:
      • Hong Kong
    Join Date
    Aug 2011
    Posts
    869
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Use of this and that

    Could anybody help, please?

  4. #4
    Raymott's Avatar
    Raymott is offline VIP Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Academic
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Australia
      • Current Location:
      • Australia
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    19,667
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Use of this and that

    Quote Originally Posted by Winwin2011 View Post
    Could anybody help, please?
    Your question is impossible to read. You haven't quoted any of the "this", "that", etc.
    Can you make your question simpler? You seem to be having a problem with the usage of "this" and "that" in relation to time.
    You can use either 'this' or 'that' to refer to something that has just happened.
    This/that is important to understand.

  5. #5
    Winwin2011 is offline Senior Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Interested in Language
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • Hong Kong
      • Current Location:
      • Hong Kong
    Join Date
    Aug 2011
    Posts
    869
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Use of this and that

    Quote Originally Posted by Raymott View Post
    Your question is impossible to read. You haven't quoted any of the "this", "that", etc.
    Can you make your question simpler? You seem to be having a problem with the usage of "this" and "that" in relation to time.
    You can use either 'this' or 'that' to refer to something that has just happened.
    This/that is important to understand.
    'That' to refer to something that has just happened. Does it mean that the usage of that/those is similair to "situations and events which have just finished" as per 589.
    Last edited by Winwin2011; 13-Oct-2012 at 16:55. Reason: typo

  6. #6
    Raymott's Avatar
    Raymott is offline VIP Member
    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Academic
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Australia
      • Current Location:
      • Australia
    Join Date
    Jun 2008
    Posts
    19,667
    Post Thanks / Like

    Default Re: Use of this and that

    Quote Originally Posted by Winwin2011 View Post
    Either 'this' or 'that' to refer to something that has just happened. Does it mean that the usage of this/these is similair to "situations and events which have just finished" as per 589.
    Yes, if I understand you properly.
    If I tell you a few things about English, I can then say, "These are a few things you need to understand." If I tell you one thing, I'd say, "This is something you need to understand". I might also use 'those/that'.

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •