This is actually the first time I have heard of this phrase "past tense interrogative". For a non native English speaker, it is actually hard to know what kind of "grammar construction terms" the question is related to. I do hear of other more common terms like "past tense"
Remember - correct capitalisation, punctuation and spacing make posts much easier to read.
***** NOT A TEACHER *****
And may I gently remind you that the "super easy" rule also applies to negative sentences:
He did not manage to get the ball.
She does not speak French.
A teacher could do a better job explaining the difference, but I shall try until a teacher replies. And then I shall delete this post.
I said, "I have heard people who speak English very well make this mistake" because (hopefully) I will continue to be able to
hear people speak in the future. Being 75 years old, I have found that my hearing is getting worse. So if some day, I go
deaf, then it would be appropriate to say, "Back in the days when I had my hearing, I had heard people who speak English
very well make that mistake."
The present perfect refers to something that started in the past but still "touches" my life. So if I see a good movie, I
might say, "Wow! That was the best movie that I have ever seen in my life [up to this time.]" But if I see a movie next week,
I might say, "No, no! Last week's movie was not the best one that I have seen. This one is the best one that I have seen
in my life."
The past perfect might be used like this:
Tom: Is that you?
James: What do you mean?
Tom: I had heard that you died. (Many native speakers would use the past "heard.")
James: No, I have not died yet.