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  1. #1
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    Default They might have been friends since middle school.

    1) They have been friends since middle school.

    2) They might have been friends since middle school.


    I know that 'might have p.p' can be a past form of 'might be' as a guessing expression, but I think that the reason there is the 'might' in #2 is that the speaker is not sure if they have been friends since middle school.

    So my question is whether 'might' can be put to express I am not 100% sure if they have been friends since middle school?

    Thank you so much as always.

  2. #2
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    Default Re: They might have been friends since middle school.

    Quote Originally Posted by sky3120 View Post
    1) They have been friends since middle school.
    2) They might have been friends since middle school.
    #1 states a fact; #2 states a possibility.

    Equivalent forms for a present state are:

    1a) They are friends.
    2a) They may/might be friends.

  3. #3
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    Default Re: They might have been friends since middle school.

    I am really overwhelmed and shocked because I have been stuck in a huge stereotype. So the form of 'might have p.p' also can be used for not only present perfect tenses but also a past form of 'might be' as a guessing
    ? Did I get you right? Thank you so much.

  4. #4
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    Default Re: They might have been friends since middle school.


    He is going there tomorrow - He may/might be going there tomorrow
    .
    He is in London now -He may/might be in London now.
    He was drinking when it happened - He may/might have been drinking when it happened.
    He has been drinking for hours - He may/might have been drinking for hours.
    He went to London last year - He may/might have gone to London last year.
    He has been there for ten years -He may/might have been there for ten years


  5. #5
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    Default Re: They might have been friends since middle school.

    Thank you for the great answer.

    In a TV show, a guest said, "I want to give you a bit of insight that you might not have heard before the show.

    So you think "might not have heard" is a past form of "might not be" or "might not + present perfect tense"? I think that either one is possible and meaning is not that different. What do you think, sir? Thank you so much.

  6. #6
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    Default Re: They might have been friends since middle school.

    Quote Originally Posted by sky3120 View Post
    Thank you for the great answer.

    In a TV show, a guest said, "I want to give you a bit of insight that you might not have heard before the show.

    So you think "might not have heard" is a past form of "might not be" or "might not + present perfect tense"? I think that either one is possible and meaning is not that different. What do you think, sir? Thank you so much.
    Might not have heard is not a past form of might not be or of might not + present perfect tense. It is a modal form followed by what is sometimes known as a perfect infinitive.

    Some of the range of meanings can be seen in my last post, in which I have given sentences expressing factuality and possiblility next to each other.

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