In English, we can say
Most of those questioned refused to answer.
(=Most of those who were questioned refused to answer.)
Those present were in favour of change.
(=Those who were present were in favour of change.)
1.Opportunities are for those who are well prepared.
2.Those who are rich can do many things.
3.He only helped those who were aged.
you cannot leave out the red words;but for
He only helped those who were aged between 70 and 90
you can omit the red words.
We should help thosewho are in need
you can ellipt the red words.
I can't think of a general rule why and when these red words can be omitted.
Could anyone help me?
Complemented adjectives, however, are normally allowable, hence
Those happy with the proposed pay hike were among the first to turn up.
(where 'happy' is complemented by 'with...hike')
Those rich in spirit are superior to those rich merely in terms of money.
while we may not have simply
*Those happy were...
*Those rich are...
'Present' and 'absent' are among a small number of apparent exceptions, although we may rationalize this on the basis that a complement is always implicit (present at the meeting, absent from the meeting, etc.)