THE SOUNDS OF LETTERS, PHONICS AND PHONOGRAMS
Pete, here is information about the Orton card deck. It's available through Yes Phonics on the web and probably other sources, too. I made my own deck to use at school. The pictures on the cards are not here. You can find some of those, too, given on certain websites. Best of luck with this!
Orton Phonogram Flash Cards List & Examples
The Orton Phonograms are the "phonics codes" word building tools all readers & writers of English need to reach their highest potential. For beginners to advanced learners, K-College, Gifted, Sp. Education, Self-Learning & EFL/ESL
A "Phonogram" is either one letter or a set combination of letters which represent one or more single "voiced" sounds in a given word.
The 72 phonograms are the 26 alphabet letters and 46 multi-letters consisting of 2-4 letters. Each Phonogram has 1-6 single sounds.
The 72 Phonograms are:
a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, j, k, l, m, n, o, p, qu, r, s, t, u, v, w, x, y, z, sh, ee, th, ay, ai, ow, ou, aw, au, ew, ui, oy, oi, oo, ch, ng, ea, ar, ck, ed, or, wh, oa, oe, er, ir, ur, wor, ear, our, ey, ei, eigh, ie, igh, kn, gn, wr, ph, dge, tch, ti, si, ci, ough, gu
The 72 Phonograms with Easy-to-Learn Keyword Captions
For fast accurate reading it is vital to know the phonogram’s sounds in the order of use frequency. The phonogram illustration with its “keyword” caption depicts the sound sequence of the phonogram. This is an easy-to-learn memory device, which is easily and quickly learned, never to be forgotten. Without this knowledge reading and spelling are very difficult.
Single-letter phonograms and keyword captions that say 1 single sound:
b (bumblebee); d (daddy’s dragon); f (funny face); h (hug); j (jumping jack); k (king);
l (lollipop); m (mammoth); n (noon); p (puppies); r (road runner); t (teeter-totter);
v (valentine); w (wiggle worm); x (x-ray a fox); z (zebra at the zoo).
Single-letter phonograms and keyword captions that say 2 to 4 single sounds:
a (have a ball); c (cat in the city); e (help me); g (goat and giraffe); i (it’s a giant radio);
o (ox over? love to!); s (Susie); u (ducks use output); y (your gypsy can fly quickly).
Multi-letter phonograms and keyword captions that say 1 single sound:
qu (queen); ee (peek); sh (she fishes for friendship); ay (play sailboat);
ai (play sailboat); aw (auto law); au (auto law); oy (noisy boy); oi (noisy boy);
ng (sing a long song); ar (car); ck (prick a pickle); or (form a sword);
wh (whisper to a whale); oa (toad on the boat); oe (tiptoe); eigh (eight freight cars);
igh (night light); kn (knight’s knockout); gn (gnat sign); wr (don’t write wrong);
dge (hodge-podge); tch (pitcher); ti (nation); ci (special social); gu (guilty guy).
These 6 phonograms all say /er/: er, ir, ur, wor, ear, our and share the caption:
(her first nurse works early on her journey).
Multi-letter phonograms and keyword captions that say 2 to 6 single sounds:
th (three of them); ow (cowboy show); ou (sound, soul, youth, trouble);
ew (brew a few); ui (fruit juice); oo (foolish crook at the door); ch (/ch/-/k/-/sh/);
ea (eating bread is great); ed (spotted starred, striped); ey (they have the honey);
ei (their leisure); ie (piece of pie); si (mansion excursion);
ough (dough, through, tough, trough, sought, bough).
Last edited by Amma; 03-Jun-2008 at 00:28. Reason: clarification
The above thread has been closed. But I still get questions what mentioned above,
'Single-letter phonograms and keyword captions that say 2 to 4 single sounds.'
'Multi-letter phonograms and keyword captions that say 2 to 6 single sounds'
Then that's mean we can't read All words simply by looking at the spelling. If that's the case, how do we know whether the letters are representing more than one sound or not. I am getting very very confused.