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  1. #11
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    Thank you very much, James, for all the work you do to answer all our questions.
    Kindest regards

  2. #12
    philo2009 is offline Key Member
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    Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    Quote Originally Posted by hela View Post
    Dear teachers,
    Would you please tell me what's the function of the following phrase and what is it called?

    Paul, as well as his friends, has decided to give up smoking.
    Paul = subject
    has decided = verb
    to give up smoking = direct object

    What about "as well as his friends" ?

    Thank you in advance
    Despite its origins as the introduction to a simple equative comparison (as: adverb, well: adverb, as: conjunction), 'as well as' in contemporary usage most commonly serves as a phrasal preposition, meaning something like 'in addition to', and that is how I would parse it here.

    The phrase 'as well as his friends' would thus be reckoned a prepositional phrase.
    Last edited by philo2009; 07-Dec-2012 at 07:13.

  3. #13
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    a prepositional phrase complementing the noun "Paul" ?

  4. #14
    philo2009 is offline Key Member
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    Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    Quote Originally Posted by hela View Post
    a prepositional phrase complementing the noun "Paul" ?
    Hardly a complement of any kind, since it's grammatically optional. Rather an adverbial adjunct to the predicate.

  5. #15
    TheParser is offline VIP Member
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    Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    Quote Originally Posted by hela View Post
    a prepositional phrase complementing the noun "Paul" ?
    Hello, Hela:

    1. According to that book cited in post #2, the answer is YES. That is, it says that the phrase modifies the singular noun.

    a. I also did not include this from that book: "John as well as James" means nearly the same thing as "John and James."

    *****

    2. I have found two other books that agree with your idea that the phrase is somehow connected to the singular noun.

    a. "If a subject in the singular is associated by means of with, together with, as well as, no less than, like, but, except, and other words which logically though not formally constitute a part of the subject, ...."

    (Source: Professor Dr. George Oliver Curme, A Grammar of the English Language (1931), Vol. II, page 49.)

    b. "Singular nouns with plural modifiers, ...as in The father, with his sons, has been honored."

    (Source: House and Harman, Descriptive English Grammar (1931 and 1950), page 144.)


    HAVE A NICE DAY!


    James

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