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  1. #1
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Default function of "as well as his friends"

    Dear teachers,
    Would you please tell me what's the function of the following phrase and what is it called?

    Paul, as well as his friends, has decided to give up smoking.
    Paul = subject
    has decided = verb
    to give up smoking = direct object

    What about "as well as his friends" ?

    Thank you in advance

  2. #2
    TheParser is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    Quote Originally Posted by hela View Post
    Dear teachers,
    Would you please tell me what's the function of the following phrase and what is it called?

    Paul, as well as his friends, has decided to give up smokin

    Hello,


    1. As I reported to you in the other thread, many people consider its "function" to be a parenthetical element.

    2. I have another explanation that may interest you. Consider this sentence:

    ...have made it clear that science, as well as political and social theory, is a battleground in the cold war between the West and the East.

    3. As I said, many people would classify "as well as political and social theory" as a parenthetical element. That would be its "function."

    4. But some people have another theory. Perhaps a theory that may please you more.

    5. One scholar says that the subject "science" is modified by the prepositional phrase beginning with "as well as."

    a. In other words, you can find people who use the word "preposition" to describe words such as:

    together with
    along with
    in addition to
    as well as


    6. If you like this theory, then you can say with confidence that the "function" of "as well as his friends" is:

    prepositional phrase that modifies the subject "Paul."


    James


    My source is a book named Understanding Grammar (1954) by Dr. Paul Roberts, page 278.

  3. #3
    hela is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    Yes ! The second interpretation pleases me more.

    Would you please give me the name of the person "who has made it clear that science..." to complete the example ?

    Thanks a million, James !

  4. #4
    Frank Antonson's Avatar
    Frank Antonson is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    I would call "as well as" a phrasal conjunction. It works much as "and" . Whether or not it is parethentical will be shown by the number of the verb.

    Frank

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    TheParser is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    Quote Originally Posted by hela View Post
    Yes ! The second interpretation pleases me more.

    Would you please give me the name of the person "who has made it clear that science..." to complete the example ?

    Thanks a million, James !
    I have suspended myself for a week from giving any answers to anyone. I hope to reply when my suspension expires.

    James

  6. #6
    Frank Antonson's Avatar
    Frank Antonson is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    Well earned, Parser.

    Enjoy your suspension.

    Frank

  7. #7
    Barb_D's Avatar
    Barb_D is offline Moderator
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    Default Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    Ignore the "as well as."
    5. Do not be misled by a phrase that comes between the subject and the verb. The verb agrees with the subject, not with a noun or pronoun in the phrase.


    The team captain, as well as his players, is anxious.


    Purdue OWL: Subject/Verb Agreement
    I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.

  8. #8
    Frank Antonson's Avatar
    Frank Antonson is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    As it is punctuated, I agree. Certainly. But there you go, mixing a part of a sentence i.e. "subject" with a part of speech i.e. "verb" (instead of "simple predicate").

    Also, I assume that you mean ignore "as well as his PLAYERS".

    Frank

  9. #9
    Frank Antonson's Avatar
    Frank Antonson is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    What do you mean by that?

    Frank

  10. #10
    TheParser is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: function of "as well as his friends"

    Quote Originally Posted by hela View Post

    Would you please give me the name of the person "who has made it clear that science..." to complete the example ?

    Hello, Hela:


    I am very sorry but the book does not quote the whole sentence. The three dots show that the author has

    deleted some words in front of the word "have."

    The book does, however, report that those words were written by Harold H. Plough in an issue of the magazine

    American Scholar. (No issue date was given for the magazine.)


    James


    UPDATE:


    I went to the "books" section of Google but was unable to find the complete quotation. I did, however, discover the following info:

    Magazine name: The American Scholar.

    Volume: 18.

    Page: 291.
    Last edited by TheParser; 17-Nov-2012 at 11:59.

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