We have learned that the form of base ing can be used for present participles and gerunds but according to some definitions, base ing itself is called present participles and then we should change a lot of things here.
Do you agree that a gerund is a part of present participles and they function as an adjective and a noun (gerund), etc?
In grammar, the present participle of a verb is the form which ends in `-ing'. Present participles are used to form continuous tenses, as in `She was wearing a neat blue suit'. They are often nouns, as in `I hate cooking' and`Cooking can be fun'. Many of them can be used like an adjective in front of a noun, as in`their smiling faces'.
C.f present participle - Wiktionary
Gerund : a noun in the form of the present participle of a verb (that is, ending in -ing) for example travelling in the sentence I preferred travelling alone.
- Oxford -
It is so hard for me to come to an conclusion. Please give me your wisdom about this issue.
Gerunds have the same form as the present participle.
In all regular verbs, and some irregular verbs, the second (past tense) form has the same form as the third (past participle) form.
Because A looks like B, we don't have to conclude that A is B.
I am sorry about posting this question up here and there if it bothers you but I would like to hear from more native English speakers. So I do not have to take the definitions seriously or how can I take "in the form of the present participle of a verb"? Thank you so much.
Thank you and then can we say that there are other thoughts about this issue as well?
Until you see it used, you don't know what it is.
Is the first the form in the simple past or the form used for the perfect (i.e., the second or third part of the verb)?
Is the second a girl's name or a modal?
Is the third a gerund or the present participle?
They can all be either one, until they are used. Then you know. The present participle looks like a gerund. That doesn't mean it's the same.
I'm not a teacher, but I write for a living. Please don't ask me about 2nd conditionals, but I'm a safe bet for what reads well in (American) English.