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    #1

    parts of speech: main verb, auxiliary verb & modal verb

    Dear teachers,

    Could you please give me the parts of speech of the underlined words, and tell me as clearly as possible the reason for your choice ?

    He will have to get up early to go to school.
    He will go to school tomorrow.

    Is "will" a modal auxiliary verb or just a helping verb in the sentences above ?
    or is "will" always considered a modal auxiliary verb ?

    have + to = should they be analysed together as a semi-modal auxiliary or should they be considered separately, i.e.,

    have = primary auxiliary verb
    to = preposition or something else ?

    Do we recognise a modal verb by the fact that it does not take any inflections ? In that case "will" would be a modal but not "have to" ??

    Should I analyse "get up" as one word or 2 parts of speech ?

    get = main verb + up = adverb, OR
    get up = phrasal verb

    Thank you in advance.
    Hela
    Last edited by hela; 25-Nov-2012 at 15:35.

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    #2

    Re: parts of speech: main verb, auxiliary verb & modal verb

    Quote Originally Posted by hela View Post
    He will have to get up early to go to school.
    He will go to school tomorrow.

    Is "will" a modal auxiliary verb or just a helping verb in the sentences above ?

    WILL is a modal (auxilary) verb in those sentences.

    or is "will" always considered a modal auxiliary verb ?

    There are lexical (i.e., non-modal) verbs: will - definition. American English definition of will by Macmillan Dictionary

    have + to = should they be analysed together as a semi-modal auxiliary or should they be considered separately, i.e.,

    have = primary auxiliary verb
    to = preposition or something else ?

    Most writers on grammar consider 'have to' to be a semi/quasi- modal (auxiliary).

    Do we recognise a modal verb by the fact that it does not take any inflections ?
    The core modals do not take inflections, do not use DO in negative and interrogative forms, are followed by a bare infinitive, etc.
    In that case "will" would be a modal but not "have to" ??
    Yes.
    5

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    #3

    Re: parts of speech: main verb, auxiliary verb & modal verb

    As a recap, how should I parse the sentence: "He will have to get up early" ?

    will = modal auxiliary verb
    have = auxiliary verb
    to = infinitive particle
    get up = main verb

    OR

    will = modal auxiliary verb
    have to = modal auxiliary verb
    get up = main verb

    OR

    will = modal auxiliary verb
    have = auxiliary verb
    to get up = infinitive verb

    Thank you for your patience.

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    #4

    Re: parts of speech: main verb, auxiliary verb & modal verb

    Quote Originally Posted by hela View Post
    As a recap, how should I parse the sentence: "He will have to get up early" ?

    will = modal auxiliary verb
    have = auxiliary verb
    to = infinitive particle
    get up = main verb

    will = modal auxiliary verb
    have to = modal auxiliary verb
    get up = main verb

    will = modal auxiliary verb
    have = auxiliary verb
    to get up = infinitive verb
    Did you read any part of post #2, hela?

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    #5

    Re: parts of speech: main verb, auxiliary verb & modal verb

    Yes, I did; but I still have a doubt.

    According to you it should be:

    Will = modal auxiliary verb
    have = auxiliary verb / helping verb
    to = infinitive particle
    get up = main verb ?

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    #6

    Re: parts of speech: main verb, auxiliary verb & modal verb

    Quote Originally Posted by hela View Post
    Yes, I did; but I still have a doubt.

    According to you it should be:

    Will = modal auxiliary verb
    have = auxiliary verb / helping verb
    to = infinitive particle
    get up = main verb ?
    That is not what I said.

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    #7

    Re: parts of speech: main verb, auxiliary verb & modal verb

    Ok, let's do it again.

    1/
    He will have to get up early to go to school.
    He will go to school tomorrow.

    Is "will" a modal auxiliary verb or just a helping verb in the sentences above ?

    WILL is a modal (auxilary) verb in those sentences.


    So, in the sentences above, "will" is not just a simple auxiliary verb but a modal auxiliary verb. Right ?

    2/
    have + to = should they be analysed together as a semi-modal auxiliary or should they be considered separately, i.e.,

    have = primary auxiliary verb
    to = preposition or something else ?

    Most writers on grammar consider 'have to' to be a semi/quasi- modal (auxiliary).

    Do we recognise a modal verb by the fact that it does not take any inflections ?
    The core modals do not take inflections, do not use DO in negative and interrogative forms, are followed by a bare infinitive, etc.

    In that case "will" would be a modal but not "have to" ??
    Yes.


    I suppose that since "have to" (in my sentence) is preceded by "will", which is considered a modal, "have" can only be a helping verb / 'simple' auxiliary verb and not a second modal verb. Right ?
    Consequently, the element "to" is going to be considered as an infinitive particle on its own, or part of the infinitive verb "to get up".

    If this is wrong, then I'm in trouble !




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    #8

    Re: parts of speech: main verb, auxiliary verb & modal verb

    Quote Originally Posted by hela View Post
    So, in the sentences above, "will" is not just a simple auxiliary verb but a modal auxiliary verb. Right ?
    Yes.
    I suppose that since "have to" (in my sentence) is preceded by "will", which is considered a modal, "have" can only be a helping verb / 'simple' auxiliary verb and not a second modal verb. Right ? Consequently, the element "to" is going to be considered as an infinitive particle on its own, or part of the infinitive verb "to get up".
    Hela, you quoted these words of mine, Most writers on grammar consider 'have to' to be a semi/quasi- modal (auxiliary), and then ignored them. Although it may not be very logical, many writers treat a few verbs, especially have to/have got to, ought to and, sometimes, BE going to as if the 'to' were part of the verb.

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    #9

    Re: parts of speech: main verb, auxiliary verb & modal verb

    I have just had an idea ! Should I deal with "will have to" as one part of speech and say that it is a modal auxiliary verb ?? Is it possible to say then that there are only 4 parts of speech (and not 7) in the sentence "I will have to get up early" ? i.e.

    I = personal pronoun used in a nominative position
    will have to = modal auxiliary verb
    get up = main verb
    early = adverb ?

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    #10

    Re: parts of speech: main verb, auxiliary verb & modal verb

    NO

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