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  1. #1
    Katherine99 is offline Newbie
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    Default Diagram a Sentence.

    Can someone diagram or parse the following sentence: Let's drive to the library to borrow a book. I'm having a hard time with drive. Is it an infinitive phrase with an implied to?

    Thanks

  2. #2
    philo2009 is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Diagram a Sentence.

    Quote Originally Posted by Katherine99 View Post
    Can someone diagram or parse the following sentence: Let's drive to the library to borrow a book. I'm having a hard time with drive. Is it an infinitive phrase with an implied to?

    Thanks
    Yes, it is an infinitive, although I'm not sure why you imagine that a 'to' has to be implied...

  3. #3
    Katherine99 is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Diagram a Sentence.

    Hi Philo,

    Isn't it implied because it's not there. Doesn't an infinitive begin with to and then the verb to form and infinitive phrase. If there is no to in front of drive how do I know that it's an infinitive? Can you tell me if the rest of the sentence analysis is correct?

    "Let's drive to the library to borrow a book." -->
    (you) = subject
    let = verb
    us (to) drive = infinitive - direct object of "let"
    us = subject of infinitive
    (to) drive = infinitive
    to borrow a book = infinitive - adverb modifier of "drive"

  4. #4
    philo2009 is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Diagram a Sentence.

    Quote Originally Posted by Katherine99 View Post
    Hi Philo,

    Doesn't an infinitive begin with to and then the verb...?
    No, although this is an extremely common misapprehension. An infinitive is a single word, consisting in the uninflected base-form of the verb.

    It can be preceded by 'to' where syntax demands, but the presence or absence of the latter in no way affects its status as an infinitive.
    Last edited by philo2009; 07-Dec-2012 at 06:33.

  5. #5
    Katherine99 is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Diagram a Sentence.

    Quote Originally Posted by philo2009 View Post
    No, although this is an extremely common misapprehension. An infinitive is a single word, consisting in the uninflected base-form of the verb.

    It can be preceded by 'to' where syntax demands, but the presence or absence of the latter in no way affects its status as an infinitive.
    Thank You. Can an ifinitive phrase have a subject or any phrase for that matter? In the sentence, "Let's drive to the library to borrow a book." , is 's (us) the suject of the infinitive phrase (drive to the library to borrow a book)?

  6. #6
    Katherine99 is offline Newbie
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    Default Re: Diagram a Sentence.

    Quote Originally Posted by Katherine99 View Post
    Thank You. Can an ifinitive phrase have a subject or any phrase for that matter? In the sentence, "Let's drive to the library to borrow a book." , is 's (us) the suject of the infinitive phrase (drive to the library to borrow a book)?
    I would really appreciate if someone would answer the question above.

  7. #7
    philo2009 is offline Key Member
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    Default Re: Diagram a Sentence.

    Quote Originally Posted by Katherine99 View Post
    Thank You. Can an ifinitive phrase have a subject or any phrase for that matter? In the sentence, "Let's drive to the library to borrow a book." , is 's (us) the suject of the infinitive phrase (drive to the library to borrow a book)?
    Yes, 'we' could be said to be the implied subject of the infinitive.

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