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  1. #1
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    Default 'by' as in John was jilted by Mary

    I am wondering what part of speech the word 'by' is when it refers to the actor( agent?) in a sentence such as the one above
    Laird Christie

  2. #2
    Tdol is online now Editor, UsingEnglish.com
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    Default Re: 'by' as in John was jilted by Mary

    It's a preposition: 4 a : through the agency or instrumentality of <by force> b : born or begot of c : sired or borne by http://www.m-w.com/

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