1. Which words (if any) share common affix:
a) revolve, reason, revisit
b) winter, winner, wider
c) rest, fastest, closest
d) unique, unbelievable, untimely
e) vain, vanity, city
f) clear, clean, clarity
g) leg, legible, noble
h) go, went, going
i) inaccurate, impossible, irrelevant
j) goody, good, better
2) Comment briefly on the two types of compounds exemplified by the following examples:
a) hairnet, mosquito net, blackboard
b) slum clearance, crime prevention, hair restorer
3) Examine the following compounds and determine whether they are endocentric or exocentric
i) hair net
This is not homework, i found these questions on internet, i'm in process of learning english language, and i don't know answers on these questions. It is about morofology, and i'm little bit confused. Please help.
Here is some information which I found here. Now you can try the third question yourself. We will comment in your answers.
"An endocentric compound consists of a head, i.e. the categorical part that contains the basic meaning of the whole compound, and modifiers, which restrict this meaning. For example, the English compound doghouse, where house is the head and dog is the modifier, is understood as a house intended for a dog. Endocentric compounds tend to be of the same part of speech (word class) as their head, as in the case of doghouse. (Such compounds were called tatpuruṣa in the Sanskrit tradition.)
"Exocentric compounds (called a bahuvrihi compound in the Sanskrit tradition) are hyponyms of some unexpressed semantic head (e.g. a person, a plant, an animal...), and their meaning often cannot be transparently guessed from its constituent parts. For example, the English compound white-collar is neither a kind of collar nor a white thing. In an exocentric compound, the word class is determined lexically, disregarding the class of the constituents. For example, a must-have is not a verb but a noun. The meaning of this type of compound can be glossed as "(one) whose B is A", where B is the second element of the compound and A the first. A bahuvrihi compound is one whose nature is expressed by neither of the words: thus a white-collar person is neither white nor a collar (the collar's colour is a metaphor for socioeconomic status). Other English examples include barefoot and Blackboard."