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  1. #1
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    Use of Can vs Will

    The doctor thinks the baby can walk in about three weeks.

    I know this should be the doctor thinks the baby will walk in three weeks but can't explain / find out why?

    Can anyone help?

    Thanks

  2. #2
    MrPedantic is offline Moderator
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    Re: Use of Can vs Will

    Hello Si

    "Can" suggests a present capacity for walking:

    1. I can swim = I am able to swim now.

    And "will walk" doesn't exclude the possibility that the baby can walk now. Cf.

    2. I will walk to work tomorrow.

    here, it's possible that I walked to work today as well.

    But in your example, we want to suggest a capacity for walking that does not exist at the moment. So this construction might be best:

    3. The baby will be able to walk in three weeks' time.

    MrP

  3. #3
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    Re: Use of Can vs Will

    Mr P is everywhere. Nice to see you here too.

    can't "can" express future ability too? So I think

    The doctor thinks the baby can walk in three weeks.

    should be an acceptable sentence too. Am I wrong?

  4. #4
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    Re: Use of Can vs Will

    Hi Curious,

    I don't think that "The doctor thinks the baby can walk in three weeks" is wrong but to my mind there might be a better alternative.

    First of all, the sentence starts with "the doctor thinks" so it is a possibility then, the doctor isn't sure himself.

    The doctor thinks that the baby might walk in three weeks. So, it is a possibility or likelihood in the future.

    can is getting used for more general or theoretical kind of possibility and not about the chances that something will actually happen or is happening. phew

    Kind Regards

  5. #5
    MrPedantic is offline Moderator
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    Re: Use of Can vs Will

    Quote Originally Posted by curious
    Mr P is everywhere. Nice to see you here too.
    can't "can" express future ability too? So I think
    The doctor thinks the baby can walk in three weeks.
    should be an acceptable sentence too. Am I wrong?
    Thank you, Curious! Nice to see you too.

    I would say that where a physical ability doesn't exist at the time of speaking, but might in the future, we have to use "will be able to" instead of "can":

    1. I can swim! ] fine.
    2. ?I can't swim at the moment, but I'm taking lessons next week, and after that I can swim ] unidiomatic.
    3. I can't swim at the moment, but I'm taking lessons next week, and after that I'll be able to swim. ] fine.

    We can use "can" where something has been planned in the present, however:

    4. We can go to your mother's tomorrow, if you like.

    Or to mean "may" for a future event:

    5. You can use my car next week, if you want to. I won't be needing it.

    But cf. this version, which expresses ability, rather than permission:

    6. You'll be able to use my car next week. I won't be needing it.

    MrP

  6. #6
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    Re: Use of Can vs Will

    thank you.

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