1. ## Sentence pattern confusion

I am trying to determine if the following sentence is a S-V-DO-OC or not.

The officers elected the smartest teacher as president for the union.

2. ## Re: Sentence pattern confusion

Welcome to the forum.

What do you think and why?
If we know what your problem is, we would be better placed to provide an appropriate answer.

It looks like homework and we don't do your homework.

Regards
R21

3. ## Re: Sentence pattern confusion

There is an objective complement in that sentence, as in "The sun made the apples red."

4. ## Re: Sentence pattern confusion

Originally Posted by Frank Antonson
There is an objective complement in that sentence, as in "The sun made the apples red."
That's fine for The officers elected the smartest teacher president for of the union.

Doesn't it make a difference if we put 'as' before 'president'.

5. ## Re: Sentence pattern confusion

Originally Posted by 5jj
That's fine for The officers elected the smartest teacher president for of the union.

Doesn't it make a difference if we put 'as' before 'president'.
I don't think so. "To be" can often be inserted before an objective complement. I suppose that "as" can be also. You don't really need it.

I would call it a function word like "that" in "I think THAT I'm right".

What is an alternative?

6. ## Re: Sentence pattern confusion

Originally Posted by Frank Antonson
I don't think so. "To be" can often be inserted before an objective complement.
"They elected him to be president:. What's the function of 'to be'?
I suppose that "as" can be also. You don't really need it.
True, but as it's there, we can't ignore it.
I would call it a function word like "that" in "I think THAT I'm right".

What is an alternative?
Well, it seems to me that 'as' functions here as a preposition. If it does (and that's only an 'if', then I think that president must be the object of the preposition, and therefore cannot be an object complement.

7. ## Re: Sentence pattern confusion

Does "as" function as a preposition when followed by a noun? If it does, then "The officers elected the smartest teacher president of the union." is a S-V-DO sentence. I think I have figured it out with some good help.

Thank you.

8. ## Re: Sentence pattern confusion

Originally Posted by dgquander
Does "as" function as a preposition when followed by a noun? If it does, then "The officers elected the smartest teacher president of the union." is a S-V-DO sentence. I think I have figured it out with some good help.
No. That one's S-V-DO-OC. I am pretty sure that Frank and I agree on that. I'll leave it to Frank to confirm that.

My problem is how those who favour this type of analysis deal with that sentence when 'president' is preceded by 'as', and I look forward to Frank's response. He and I have very different views about the value of some types of sentence analysis, but I think that our occasional clashes may help learners realise that there are few absolutes when it comes to analysing language.

9. ## Re: Sentence pattern confusion

"As" can certainly be a preposition. But, would the subsequent phrase be adverbial, modifying "elected" by answering "how"? I still think, not.

The concept of "function word" is almost like an additional part of speech. In German the difference between "dass" and "das" illustrates the use of a function word.

Another example is "if" in "I don't know if he will go" or "that" in "I don't know that he will go".

Of course, this is all Reed-Kellogg.

Frank

10. ## Re: Sentence pattern confusion

So, if "that" and "as" can be excluded from the phrase without the sentence losing its meaning, then "The officers elected the smartest teacher as president of the union." and "The officers elected the smartest teacher president of the union." mean the same thing.

I did see the sentence "Kim works as a waitress." That sentence is S-V because the verb is intransitive and "as a waitress" is a prepositional phrase according to the example explanation. Now can you see why I am so confused about sentence structures?

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