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    #1

    Systemic Functional Grammar: Circumstantial Adjuncts (Experiential Metafunction)

    Hi there,

    I've been learning about Halliday's SFG and there's one thing I can't seem to work out in relation to circumstances in experiential metafunction. If you have a circumstantial adjunct which is describing a person's age or where they come from, how would you sub-categorise the circumstance it is? For instance:

    British-born Robert has always wanted to visit the Carribean.
    A man from Russia has been arrested.
    A girl of two has been abandoned by her parents.
    A sixteen-year-old teenager has won the National Skating Championships.

    So for the bits in bold, how would I treat them in terms of experiential metafunction? Do I consider them a Circumstance of time and place? Or do I just treat them as part of the participant (whether actor, senser, or whatever) and not separate them? 'Cause I find it difficult to treat them as a circumstance of time/place as it feels like I'm saying something about the participants/person, as opposed to saying when or where something happened...

    Thanks for any responses,
    Chrissy

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    #2

    Re: Systemic Functional Grammar: Circumstantial Adjuncts (Experiential Metafunction)

    Chrissie,

    Circumstances belong to the clause (or the verb) not to a noun. All the
    parts you have put in bold are nominal modifiers, so they are not circumstances,
    nor Adjuncts. The experiential structure of the nominal group is basically:

    Deictic Quantifier Epithet Classifier Thing Qualifier

    ...and your examples:

    british-born: Epithet or Classifier
    from Russia: Qualifier
    of two: Qualifier
    sixteen-year-old: Epithet

    Mick


    Quote Originally Posted by ChrissyToph View Post
    Hi there,

    I've been learning about Halliday's SFG and there's one thing I can't seem to work out in relation to circumstances in experiential metafunction. If you have a circumstantial adjunct which is describing a person's age or where they come from, how would you sub-categorise the circumstance it is? For instance:

    British-born Robert has always wanted to visit the Carribean.
    A man from Russia has been arrested.
    A girl of two has been abandoned by her parents.
    A sixteen-year-old teenager has won the National Skating Championships.

    So for the bits in bold, how would I treat them in terms of experiential metafunction? Do I consider them a Circumstance of time and place? Or do I just treat them as part of the participant (whether actor, senser, or whatever) and not separate them? 'Cause I find it difficult to treat them as a circumstance of time/place as it feels like I'm saying something about the participants/person, as opposed to saying when or where something happened...

    Thanks for any responses,
    Chrissy

    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Student or Learner
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • Great Britain
      • Current Location:
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    #3

    Re: Systemic Functional Grammar: Circumstantial Adjuncts (Experiential Metafunction)

    Ah I see, thanks Mick!

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