Why [A·mer·i·can], and not [A·me·ri·can], or ['crit·i·cal ], and not ['cri·ti·cal ].
Also a syllable is a word, or part of a word, which contains a single vowel sound. True, but why [bi·o'log·i·cal ], not [bi·o·'log·i·cal ]. Another word it seems as if it should have five syllables instead of four.
- Where do your syllable-counts come from? Biological does have 5. Possibly whoever counted it as 4 was confused about the difference between a diphthong and a digraph.
- 'Also a syllable is a word, or part of a word, which contains a single vowel sound.' So what do you do with syllabic nasals? There's a differece between the second syllables of Burton (/bɜ:tən/) and button (/bʌtn/) (I don't know how to get this keyboard to mark syllabic consonants or nasal plosion). (That is, they sound different unless the speaker is Bluebottle )
English is a strange hybrid and has to deal with a diverse spectrum of words, from thousands of other languages, but most are from A) Anglo-Saxon > Old English > Middle English > English or B) Latin > Vulgar Latin > Norman French > Middle English > English, with about 45% from each of these two large sources.
However, there is a difference in the proportions we use depending on context. When out playing with the kids, referring to space, time, and concrete objects, I am sure I use 80% Anglo-Saxon words. When discussing politics, the law, philosophy, science, education, or complex topics, I believe the 80/20 rules is reversed, more or less.
Most Anglo-Saxon words are well suited to the syllable convention, as they are often made up of consonant-vowel-consonant syllables, or compounds of such syllables:
Most of your words are Greek and one is based on a Latin structure.