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  1. #1
    rambharosey is offline Junior Member
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    Participle or Gerund..

    Hello! in the sentence

    I built the wall using clay and cement.

    Is "using" a participle or a gerund. Is there any easy way to figure it out.

  2. #2
    Rover_KE is offline Moderator
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    Re: Participle or Gerund..

    It's a participle. I know it is a verb form because it is followed by an object.

  3. #3
    rambharosey is offline Junior Member
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    Re: Participle or Gerund..

    Excellent. Thanks so much.

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    Rover_KE is offline Moderator
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    Re: Participle or Gerund..

    rambharosey, instead of sending your thanks in a separate message, just click the Like button, please.

    The reason is that it is flagged as a new post, so we think you might have a follow-up question or something to add. Those of us with slow internet connections and/or old computers have to waste valuable time waiting for it to appear.

    Thank you.

    Rover



  5. #5
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    MikeNewYork is offline VIP Member
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    Re: Participle or Gerund..

    The easiest way to tell the difference is by assessing the part of speech of the -ing word.

    Gerunds and participles are both verbals and can both take a direct object. Gerunds function as nouns; participles (not used as part of a verb) function as adjectives or adverbs. In your case, "using clay and cement" is a participial phrase acting as an adverb. It answers the question "How was the wall built?"

  6. #6
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    Re: Participle or Gerund..

    Quote Originally Posted by MikeNewYork View Post
    The easiest way to tell the difference is by assessing the part of speech of the -ing word.
    Doesn't that reduce to the same problem?
    You work out whether it's a gerund or a participle by assessing the part of speech.
    And you work out the part of speech by assessing whether it's a gerund or a participle.

  7. #7
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    Re: Participle or Gerund..

    No. You decide what function the -ing word is providing in the sentence. If it is functioning as a noun, it is a gerund. If it is functioning as an adjective or adverb, it is a participle.

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