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    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Retired English Teacher
      • Native Language:
      • Chinese
      • Home Country:
      • Taiwan
      • Current Location:
      • Taiwan

    • Join Date: May 2011
    • Posts: 268
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    #1

    cause serious problems for senior drivers

    Are the sentences below correct and natural? Thank you.

    1. He has not had a physical checkup since his 60th birthday. Not having physical checkups regularly may cause serious problems for senior drivers.

    2. He has not had a physical checkup since his 60th birthday. Senior drivers without having physical checkups regularly may cause serious problems.

    • Member Info
      • Member Type:
      • Other
      • Native Language:
      • English
      • Home Country:
      • Canada
      • Current Location:
      • Canada

    • Join Date: Jan 2009
    • Posts: 919
    • Post Thanks / Like
    #2

    Re: cause serious problems for senior drivers

    (1) is fine; (2) is not. It can be rephrased as follows, as an instance of deliberately delicate wording:

    Seniors who drive without having regular physical checkups may cause serious problems.

    I won't try to explain why "without having checkups" should sound more natural as an adverbial phrase rather than an adjectival one.

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