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  1. #1
    pinkie9 is offline Member
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    Default as of (date) / by (date)

    Assuming that you are writing this in 2013... would you say "as of" or "by" in this case?

    1. About 5000 people have (had?) visited the park last year as of 30 December 2012.
    2. About 5000 people have (had?) visited the park last year by 30 December 2012.
    3. (Please tell me if there is a better way to say it.)

    Thank you!

  2. #2
    SlickVic9000's Avatar
    SlickVic9000 is offline Senior Member
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    Default Re: as of (date) / by (date)

    (Not a Teacher)

    I would use "had" in both sentences. Both "as of" and "by" sound fine.

  3. #3
    Raymott's Avatar
    Raymott is offline VIP Member
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    Default Re: as of (date) / by (date)

    Quote Originally Posted by pinkie9 View Post
    Assuming that you are writing this in 2013... would you say "as of" or "by" in this case?

    1. About 5000 people have (had?) visited the park last year as of 30 December 2012.
    2. About 5000 people have (had?) visited the park last year by 30 December 2012.
    3. (Please tell me if there is a better way to say it.)

    Thank you!
    "As of" is ambiguous and unnecessary. What does it mean in this case - that 5000 people have visited since then, or that 5000 people had visited up until then?
    It is used for both. The only clue here is that you've written "last year", which tends to suggest you mean "up until 30th December." Use 'by'. You never, ever, need to use "as of" and you shouldn't.

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